The list of hazardous work

Briefing note | 08 June 2015
Hazardous child labour is work in dangerous or unhealthy conditions that could result in a child being killed, or injured and/or made ill as a consequence of poor safety and health standards and working arrangements. Some injuries or ill health may result in permanent disability. Often health problems caused by working as a child labour may not develop until the child is an adult.

ILO Convention 182 requires Myanmar to develop and publish a list of hazardous work prohibited for all children below 18, through consultations between Government Workers and Employers Organizations, as well as others stakeholders. ILO Recommendation No. 190 recommends the following activities being included in the list: 1) work which exposes children to physical, psychological or sexual abuse; 2) work underground, under water, at dangerous heights or in confined spaces; 3) work with dangerous machinery, equipment and tools, or which involves the manual handling or transport of heavy loads; 4) work in an unhealthy environment which may, for example, expose children to hazardous substances, agents or processes, or to temperatures, noise levels, or vibrations damaging to their health; 5) work under particularly difficult conditions such as work for long hours or during the night or work where the child is unreasonably confined to the premises of the employer.

Drawing the list is only the first step and should be followed by its dissemination and implementation of its requirements.