Factsheets and briefs


  1. Factsheet no. 2 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Representativity and recognition for collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

    If a collective bargaining agreement is to reflect a fair balance between the interests of the workers and employers that it covers, the organizations that negotiate on behalf of each side must be properly representative.

  2. Factsheet no. 1 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

    Negotiating or bargaining is a means of joint decision making. It is used by individuals or groups like trade unions and employers who depend on each other to achieve their goals but who may have different interests.

  3. Issue Brief no. 3 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Collective bargaining and non-standard forms of employment: Practices that reduce vulnerability and ensure work is decent

    14 December 2015

    Collective bargaining is widely recognized as an important tool for improving working conditions and labour relations, but can it play the same role for workers in non-standard forms of employment? This issue brief looks at the ways in which collective bargaining is used to negotiate better terms and conditions of employment for workers in temporary and part-time employment, and in forms of employment involving multiple parties, such as temporary agency work.

  4. Issue Brief no. 2 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Improving working conditions for domestic workers: organizing, coordinated action and bargaining

    04 December 2015

    This Issue Brief examines innovative approaches to workers’ and employers’ organizations and collective bargaining that protect domestic workers from the risk of being engaged in unacceptable forms of work and afford them effective and inclusive labour protection.

  5. Publication

    Indigenous peoples in domestic work – Facing multiple discrimination and disadvantage

    06 August 2015

    As the ILO implements its strategy on domestic work, collaborating with national constituents and other stakeholders around the world, the Office has identified many policy questions of concern to constituents. In response, the Office has combined efforts to answer these frequently asked questions, drawing from country level experience, empirical research, and knowledge-sharing. The «work in progress» series will showcase the Office’s research work in progress on these policy areas.

  6. INWORK Policy Brief No. 7

    The Diversity of "Marginal" Part-Time Employment

    31 May 2015

  7. Publication

    The right to rest for domestic workers - setting a floor

    30 April 2015

  8. INWORK Policy Brief No. 6

    Nothing more permanent than temporary? Understanding fixed-term contracts

    27 March 2015

  9. Publication

    Women and the Future of Work – Taking care of the caregivers

    13 March 2015

    Over the last 20 years, important achievements have been made with regards to gender equality in the world of work. At least 50% of the world’s women are in paid wage and salary employment – an increase of 10% since the 1990s. In 2014, women held 24% of the world’s senior management positions, compared to 19% ten years ago.

  10. Publication

    Domestic workers organize – but can they bargain?

    20 February 2015

    Does the traditional form of collective negotiation have the same potential to ensure decent working conditions in the sector? Or are there other forms, adapted to the sector that would be more effective in ensuring compliance with standards set through various forms of collective negotiation? The ILO is currently carrying out a study to answer just these questions, the preliminary results of which indicate that, to reach the same objective in domestic work will require not only the right to bargain collectively, but may also entail a reassessment of the source of power of domestic workers that would make such a system effective in ensuring employers comply with the agreements.


  1. Domestic Work Policy Brief no. 7

    Working time of live-in domestic workers

    28 November 2013

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  2. Domestic Work Policy Brief no. 6

    “Meeting the needs of my family too”: Maternity protection and work-family measures for domestic workers

    01 July 2013

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  3. Publication

    Snapshot: ILO in action, domestic workers

    31 May 2013

    A growing number of countries are taking measures to improve the living and working conditions of domestic workers. But the momentum needs to be stepped up to ensure that domestic workers worldwide enjoy labour rights, just like other workers.

  4. INWORK Policy Brief No. 5

    The Distribution of Hours of Work in Developed and Developing Countries: What are the Main Differences and Why?

    01 May 2013

  5. Publication

    Philippines enact new law protecting domestic workers

    18 April 2013

    The Philippines has promulgated a new domestic workers law, namely the Act Instituting Policies for the Protection and Welfare of Domestic Workers (Republic Act 10361), which is also called the Domestic Workers Act.1 It was signed into law by President Benigno Simeon Aquino III on 18 January 2013.

  6. Publication

    Thailand: new Ministerial Regulation offers better protection of domestic workers' rights

    28 March 2013

    On 9 November 2012, a new Ministerial Regulation No. 14 (B.E. 2555) entered into force improving workplace rights for domestic workers in the Kingdom of Thailand. Issued under the Labour Protection Act B.E. 2541 (1998), the Regulation applies to employers employing workers to perform domestic work which does not involve business operations. It aligns several aspects of the legislation with the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189) and Recommendation (No. 201).


  1. Publication

    Country profile: domestic work legislation in Spain

    24 February 2012

    The Government of Spain recently promulgated Royal Decree 1620/2011 of 14 November, regulating the special relationship that characterizes service within the family household.


  1. Publication

    Fact sheet on Domestic Workers' profile and working conditions in the Philippines

    08 November 2011

    This factsheet presents the profile of domestic workers and their employers in the Philippines, and provides an insight into two important aspects of domestic work, namely wages and working hours.

  2. Publication

    Convention No. 189 - Questions and answers

    10 August 2011

    This short factsheet will help you understand what Convention No. 189 is, who it covers, and what minimum standards it sets.

  3. Publication

    The impact of taxes and transfers on inequality

    05 August 2011

    Policy Brief No.4