The ILO Country Office for Pakistan publishes a wide range of books, reports and working papers relevant to Pakistan. Some of these can be downloaded directly. Others can be requested in hard copy from the ILO Library in Islamabad.


  1. Ethical and quality reporting on child labour: A training manual for media professionals in Pakistan

    31 August 2022

    The training manual has jointly been adapted by Group Development Pakistan and ILO Country Office for Pakistan for building the capacity of media professionals in ethical, evidence-based and quality reporting on child labour in Pakistan.

  2. Research Brief: Child labour in domestic work in Pakistan

    14 July 2022

    Child labour in domestic work remains a widespread, but hidden, phenomenon worldwide. The qualitative study assessed the current situation of child labour in domestic work, elaborated the major push and pull factors, working conditions, effects on children's health, safety, and education, and recommended the priority areas for combatting child labour in domestic work in Pakistan.

  3. Child Labour in domestic work in Pakistan: A scoping study

    14 July 2022

    Child labour in domestic work remains a widespread, but hidden, phenomenon worldwide. The qualitative study assessed the current situation of child labour in domestic work, elaborated the major push and pull factors, working conditions, effects on children's health, safety, and education, and recommended the priority areas for combatting child labour in domestic work in Pakistan.


  1. Extending social health protection: Accelerating progress towards Universal Health Coverage in Asia and the Pacific

    07 December 2021

    This regional report documents and analyses country experiences and lessons on the extension of social health protection coverage in the Asia and the Pacific region. It provides a detailed account of progress made, challenges encountered and remaining coverage gaps, and explores their root causes.

  2. Pakistan’s journey towards elimination of child labour: A timeline

    09 September 2021

    Recognizing the efforts towards the prevention and elimination of Child Labour in Pakistan, this knowledge product provides a historical account of key legislative, policy and strategic milestones including the application of international treaties, social development programmes and key institutional mechanisms, while calling for accelerated action to achieve the SGD target 8.7.

  3. The Asia Regional Child Labour (ARCL) Programme (Project fact sheet)

    19 August 2021

    Funded by Foreign Commonwealth and Development Office, (UK), the ARCL Programme aims at assisting the ILO constituents and other stakeholders in Pakistan to eliminate child labour in particular the worst forms of child labour, which in turn contributes to the achievement of SDG 8.7 by 2025.

  4. Study on the design of business incubation centres - For the Government of Pakistan's Kamyab Jawan Programme

    12 August 2021

    This study provides a composite analysis of the need to establish business incubation centres in Pakistan, in order to support a vibrant entrepreneurial landscape.

  5. Simplify social security- Pocket book

    28 June 2021

    SIMPLIFY Social Security, is a tool that offers a systematic and harmonized approach for the effective and simplified application of Social Security Laws in Pakistan.

  6. Simplify social security- trainers manual

    28 June 2021

    Trainers' manual for effective compliance and the enforcement of social security laws in Pakistan

  7. Project Outcome Brief - Achieving the SDGs and ending poverty through universal social protection

    25 June 2021

    This compilation brings together key outcomes and successes of the ‘Achieving the SDGs and ending poverty through universal social protection’, a project jointly implemented by the ILO and UNDESA.

  8. Greener clothes? Environmental initiatives and tools in the garment sector in Asia

    07 June 2021

    The increasing social and environmental impacts of the textile and garment supply chain are well known and have resulted in the development of an array of initiatives, tools and assessment platforms to enhance the sustainability of the sector. There is a great deal of diversity in these initiatives, including differences in their focus, the actors involved, who the beneficiaries are, the longevity of the activities and how they define and measure success. The report highlights where there might be gaps in the current offerings of initiatives, and what types of initiatives have alignment with MSMEs knowledge and learning needs, as a way to highlight where future attention in developing new or enhanced initiatives might lie.

  9. A social protection profile of Pakistan - Building an inclusive social protection system

    01 June 2021

    Pakistan’s social protection profile 2021, highlights gaps and good practices on existing social protection systems and offers recommendations to increase the effectiveness and inclusiveness of these systems.

  10. Promotion of Decent Work Opportunities for the Economic Empowerment of Vulnerable Segments of Society (Project fact sheet)

    30 April 2021

    Decent Work is a measure to reduce poverty and inequalities in the society. This project proposed three distinct sets of interventions to promote decent work opportunities in Pakistan for vulnerable groups including Child and Bonded Labourers in Brick Kiln Sector, Social Protection; and engaging Pakistani diaspora in Italy.

  11. Productivity interventions available to garment factories in Asia: A mapping study

    19 April 2021

    This study focuses on the availability of productivity interventions in the Asian garment sectors. By examining a subset of productivity interventions available to the industry, the paper depicts a broader picture of what type of support services are available to Asian garment factories.

  12. Rapid Assessment: The impact of COVID-19 on labour migration governance, recruitment practices and migrant workers in Pakistan

    16 April 2021

    Covering the period from March to November 2020, the assessment examines the pandemic’s impact on labour migration from Pakistan, primarily to Gulf Cooperation Council countries. Its findings are drawn from an in-depth survey, key informant interviews and discussions with migrant workers, regulatory bodies, relevant stakeholders and facilitators of migration processes.

  13. Pakistan Decent Work Country Profile 2019

    19 February 2021

    This report is part of a joint collaboration between the Government of Pakistan and ILO to measure changes to ascertain progress and sustainability toward achieving decent work. The report was carried out in close collaboration with ILO Technical Specialists in Geneva and a team of national experts in Pakistan.

  14. Employment-Intensive public works (EIPWs) to create employment

    08 February 2021

    This study describes the feasibility of applying employment-intensive public works as a means of addressing the loss of jobs and income resulting from the economic downturn caused by the COVID-19 in Pakistan.

  15. Employment and environmental sustainability in Pakistan

    01 January 2021

    The Employment and Environmental Sustainability Fact Sheets series provides key indicators of employment and environmental sustainability performance. They include: (i) employment in environmental sectors; (ii) skill levels; (iii) vulnerability of jobs; (iv) jobs in renewable energy; and (v) scoring on the Environmental Performance Index.


  1. The supply chain ripple effect: How COVID-19 is affecting garment workers and factories in Asia and the Pacific

    21 October 2020

    This research brief assesses the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on workers and factories in garment supply chains in Asia and the Pacific, presenting evidence from the main garment-exporting countries of the region, summarizing policy responses and proposing ways forward.

  2. Recruitment agency business practices and role of intermediaries in the foreign employment industry in Pakistan

    24 September 2020

    This study employs a combination of quantitative and qualitative methodologies for the profiling of recruitment intermediaries, understanding their business practices and developing a set of recommendations for effective management.