Adapting social insurance to women’s life courses: A gender impact assessment of Viet Nam

This comprehensive report was developed by the ILO in partnership with the Viet Nam Women’s Union. This report provides an overview of the gender gaps in social protection outcomes, particularly pensions, arising from labour market inequalities and suboptimal social insurance regulations. The assessment makes key recommendations for increasing adequacy and narrowing down gender gaps in coverage and benefits.

This publication is developed by three projects:
• ILO/IA programme on Inclusive Growth, Social Protection and Jobs Programme (Viet Nam Component);
• UNJP on Accelerating Vietnam’s Transition Toward Inclusive (;
• and Integrated Social Protection and ILO/Korea project on Social security: Supporting the Implementation of Sustainable Social Protection Floors for the Workers and Their Families in ASEAN – Phase II.