Publications on tripartism and social dialogue

  1. Publication

    Questions & Answers - Company-Union Dialogue: An operational tool of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration)

    27 May 2021

  2. ILO Working paper 32

    Digital Work in Eastern Europe: Overview of Trends, Outcomes, and Policy Responses

    25 May 2021

    This paper presents the emergence and growth of digital labour markets in Eastern Europe over the period 1999-2019. It presents the profiles of digital workers, their working conditions and discusses how these are shaped by the business models of digital labour platforms.

  3. Publication

    International Labor Standards and Tripartism

    24 May 2021

    Chapter 49 in The Routledge Handbook of Feminist Economics

  4. ILO brief

    Implications of the COVID-19 crisis for enterprises’ human resource management policies and practices

    19 May 2021

    The COVID-19 crisis has increased the importance of human and social capital for enterprise success. The competitiveness and viability — even survival — of an enterprise increasingly depend on its ability to make its employees motivated, skilled and committed. This can only be achieved in a workplace environment characterized by a spirit of social dialogue, mutual trust and respect, non-discrimination, and the absence of violence and harassment. This brief illustrates how enterprises have coped with the COVID-19 pandemic by adjusting their people management approaches, policies and practices.

  5. Publication

    Teleworking arrangements during the COVID-19 crisis and beyond

    14 May 2021

    Telework, defined as the use of information and communications technologies (ICTs), such as smartphones, tablets, laptops, and desktop computers, for work that is performed outside the employer’s premises, is not new, having existed since the 1970’s in some parts of world. It was expected to grow in usage as costs of ICTs and broadband communications became cheaper, but its regular use was limited mainly to employer-worker agreements in certain occupations and sectors. In 2020, the Covid-19 global pandemic changed this situation. In an attempt to limit the spread of the Covid 19 virus, keep workers employed, and limit the negative economic consequences of the pandemic, policymakers and employers implemented telework whenever possible.

  6. ILO Brief

    COVID-19 and multinational enterprises: Impacts on FDI, trade and decent work in Asia and the Pacific

    08 April 2021

    Multinational enterprises (MNEs) and their supply chains have been heavily affected by the COVID-19 crisis, with millions of workers suffering adverse impacts. This brief provides evidence on the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on FDI and trade in Asia and the Pacific. The brief also discusses the impact on MNEs and decent work and highlights how social dialogue can inform the design and implementation of policies to ensure a human-centred recovery.

  7. Role of Employer Organizations

    The role of business in South Africa's transition to democracy

    15 March 2021

    In a climate where the role of business can be perceived with some scepticism, the story of how some key individuals and businesses intervened at critical moments in the South Africa's transition to democracy is often overlooked. In 2019 the ILO and the University of Pretoria's Centre for Mediation in Africa/ Department of Political Sciences embarked on a project to capture this story through video interviews that are now available on a specially hosted website. This is the acompanying report.

  8. Building effective employer and business membership organizations

    Onboarding handbook for board members of small employer and business membership organizations

    25 February 2021

    This handbook aims to assist small EBMOs to transition towards more structured and formal onboarding processes for new members of the board or executive committee. Designed for adaptation to individual EBMO structures and intended to become a living document, the handbook contains information about the business of representing business and general best practices for EBMO good governance along with directions for inserting content and application of practical checklists.

  9. World Employment and Social Outlook 2021

    The role of digital labour platforms in transforming the world of work

    23 February 2021

    This ILO flagship report explores how the contemporary platform economy is transforming the way work is organized, analyzing the impact of digital labour platforms on enterprises, workers and society as a whole.

  10. World Employment and Social Outlook 2021

    The role of digital labour platforms in transforming the world of work

    23 February 2021

    This report examines how digital labour platforms are transforming the world of work and how that affects employers and workers. It focuses on two main types of digital labour platform: online web-based platforms, where tasks are performed online and remotely by workers, and location-based platforms, where tasks are performed at a specified physical location by individuals, such as taxi drivers and delivery workers.