Social dialogue and tripartism
Effective social dialogue between governments, employers’ and workers’ organizations, and sound industrial relations, are means to promote social justice, inclusive economic growth, improved wages and working conditions and sustainable enterprises. As instruments of good governance at all levels from the local to the global, they foster an enabling environment for the realization of decent work for all.
Social dialogue includes:
Social dialogue includes:
- Negotiation, consultation and information exchange between and among governments, employers’ and workers’ organizations;
- Collective bargaining between employers/employers’ organizations and workers’ organizations;
- Dispute prevention and resolution; and
- Other approaches such as workplace cooperation, international framework agreements and social dialogue in the context of regional economic communities.
- Strong, independent and representative employers' and workers’ organizations with the technical capacity to participate in social dialogue and access to relevant information;
- Political will, trust and commitment to engage in social dialogue by all the parties;
- Respect for the fundamental rights of freedom of association and effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining; and
- An enabling legal and institutional framework.
How did the ILO Support Workers’ Organizations in 2022?
23 March 2023
ILO and IFC scale up collaboration on social issues in private investments
17 March 2023
Lesotho ratifies three ILO Conventions
16 March 2023
Social dialogue and the Covid-19 crisis
Covid 19 and Social Dialogue Portal
How social dialogue is making a difference during the COVID-19 pandemic
Social dialogue key to combating COVID-19
Social dialogue one year after the outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic: Spotlights on outcomes
The need for social dialogue in addressing the COVID-19 crisis
Peak-level social dialogue as a governance tool during the COVID-19 pandemic: Global and regional trends and policy issues
The role of social dialogue and the social partners in addressing the consequences of COVID-19 in the informal economy
Social dialogue on occupational safety and health in the Covid-19 context. Ensuring a safe return to work: Practical examples
The role of social dialogue in formulating social protection responses to the COVID-19 crisis
Social dialogue crucial to tackling impact of COVID-19
ILO Knowledge Conversations
The future of worker-manager relations: Does cooperation lead to better outcomes and just rewards?
29 March 2023
Communications Training for Employers and Workers Organizations on Labour Standards, OSH and Gender Equality
27 February - 2 March 2023