Wages are among the most important conditions of work and a major subject of collective bargaining. The ILO is committed to promoting policies on wages and incomes that ensure a just share of the fruits of progress to all and a minimum living wage for all employed in need of such protection. In order to do so it undertakes research and provides evidence-based policy advice on minimum wages, public sector pay, wage bargaining and gender pay gaps. Since 2008, the ILO publishes the Global Wage Report, one of its flagship reports and an authoritative source of information on wage trends and policies at national and global levels.


  1. Flagship report

    Global Wage Report 2022-23: The impact of inflation and COVID-19 on wages and purchasing power

    The Global Wage Report 2022-23 report examines the evolution of real wages, giving a unique picture of wage trends globally and by region.

  1. The question of living wages

    In this webpage you will find key ILO documents and publications related to the question of living wages

  2. Technical cooperation project

    Setting adequate wages

    This project seeks to identify factors and conditions that support and enable sustainable wage increases, and supports measures to raise productivity and wages in selected enterprises in the garment and agricultural supply chains.

  3. Technical cooperation project

    Indicators and methodologies for setting adequate wages

    This project seeks to develop indicators and methodologies that will strengthen the capacity of governments and social partners to negotiate and set adequate wage levels.

  4. Welcome to the Minimum Wage Policy Guide

    Minimum Wage Policy Guide

    Based on existing ILO standards and the diversity of international practice, this website provides information on key questions of good practice and highlights different choices that can be made depending on national preferences and country circumstances, regarding minimum wages.

  5. The gender pay gap in the health and care sector: A global analysis in the time of COVID-19


  1. Working Conditions Laws database

    Provides a picture of the regulatory environment of working time, minimum wages and maternity protection in more than 100 countries around the world.

  2. ILO Global Wage Database

    Data collection on wages and income.


    The primary source for cross-country statistics on the labour market.

Key publications

  1. Factsheet

    Global Wage Report 2020-21: Factsheet for the European Union

  1. Temporary wage subsidies

    This factsheet provides an overview of temporary wage subsidies implemented during the Covid-19 crisis.

  2. Publication

    General Survey on Minimum Wage Systems (2014)

  3. Factsheet

    Protection of workers’ wage claims in enterprise insolvency