Occupational Safety and Health Series, No. 74

List of occupational diseases (revised 2010). Identification and recognition of occupational diseases: Criteria for incorporating diseases in the ILO list of occupational diseases

The number of physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial factors affecting workers’ health is constantly on the rise. The ILO has been responding to the challenge of creating safe and healthy working conditions since its founding in 1919. Agreed by governments as well as employers’ and workers’ organizations, this new list, approved in March 2010, reflects the state of the art in the identification and recognition of occupational diseases. The list, annexed here to the List of Occupational Diseases Recommendation, 2002 (No. 194), is designed to assist countries in their prevention, recording, notification and, if applicable, compensation of diseases caused by work.

The new list includes a range of internationally recognized occupational diseases, from illnesses caused by chemical, physical and biological agents to respiratory and skin diseases, musculoskeletal disorders and occupational cancer. Mental and behavioural disorders have been, for the first time, specifically included in the ILO list. The list also has open items in all the sections dealing with the aforementioned diseases. The open items allow for the recognition of the occupational origin of diseases not specified in the list if a link is established between exposure to risk factors arising from work activities and the disorders contracted by the worker.

This publication includes the newly established list of occupational diseases, the working document “Identification and recognition of occupational diseases: Criteria for incorporating diseases in the ILO list of occupational diseases”, and the reports of the two Meetings of Experts which developed this list.
Los cinco estudios de caso -realizados en Camerún, Colombia, Indonesia, Filipinas y Túnez- describen la situación de la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo (SST) en las mipymes y las iniciativas adoptadas en este ámbito.

Los estudios de casos que se presentan en esta publicación se desarrollaron a lo largo del primer año del proyecto de la OIT Mantenimiento de mecanismos sostenibles para promover la seguridad y salud en el trabajo en las pequeñas y medianas empresas (Upholding sustainable delivery mechanisms to promote occupational safety and health in small and medium sized enterprises).

Los cinco estudios de caso tienen como objectivo:

• describir el contexto nacional en relación con las mipymes (por ejemplo, la definición nacional, su presencia y su papel en la economía nacional);
• proporcionar una visión general de las condiciones de SST en las mipymes del país;
• ilustrar el marco nacional relevante para la SST en las mipymes, incluyendo la identificación de los actores clave, las políticas y estrategias nacionales, etc.;
• analizar las iniciativas sobre SST desarrolladas a nivel nacional, sectorial y local dirigidas a las mipymes;
• identificar las enseñanzas extraídas y las oportunidades de mejora de la SST en las mipymes y ampliar las buenas prácticas.

Esta publicación complementa el informe "Improving Safety and Health in Micro-, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: An overview of initiatives and delivery mechanisms", en el que se analizan ejemplos de mecanismos de apoyo e iniciativas que los gobiernos y otros agentes utilizan para promover la seguridad y la salud en las mipymes.