Publications on Least developed countries

  1. CPLP-ILO Cooperation

    19 May 2023

    The partnership between the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP) is anchored in social justice, particularly Decent Work, and promotes tripartite dialogue along with South- South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC). For more information about CPLP – ILO cooperation, refer to the South-South Meeting Point platform, which provides the latest updates and relevant documents on this partnership.

  2. Why should we integrate income and employment support? A conceptual and empirical investigation

    18 July 2022

    This paper conceptualizes, for the first time, the implementation of policy approaches that integrate active labour market policies within income support schemes, focusing on low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). We develop a conceptual framework to understand how integrated policies can address labour market challenges, exploring the theoretical effects they exert on selected labour market and social dimensions. We compare this to the empirical literature, which does not always find that policies are effective. To reconcile this discrepancy, we investigate the design and implementation of integrated approaches across LMIC and identify factors which contribute to their effectiveness.

  3. Present and future of work in the Least Developed Countries

    29 April 2022

    This ILO report provides an overview of the state of progress and the structural challenges faced by least developed countries (LDCs) along the dimensions of structural transformation, productive employment and just transition. It describes current trends in production, productivity, employment and decent work, as well as the role of social protection and institutions of work. It highlights the structural and labour market vulnerabilities most relevant for the LDCs and how they have affected the COVID-19 impacts and recovery prospects for the LDC economies and their populations.

  4. Introduction Changing perspectives on poverty and inequality: The contributions of the International Labour Review

    13 November 2021

    This introduction presents a selection of articles from the International Labour Review that illustrate how research on poverty and inequality has evolved over the past century. Receiving only occasional attention in the early decades of the journal’s history, these topics acquired more prominence in articles published from the 1970s onwards, especially in relation to research carried out under the ILO’s World Employment Programme. In the 1990s, articles looked into concepts of poverty and social exclusion and the impact of economic reform. More recent publications have treated economic and social inequality within wider analyses of growth and development. Scope remains for closer integration of different approaches to poverty and inequality.

  5. Extending Social Protection to Migrant Workers, Refugees, and their Families: Guide for Policymakers and Practitioners

    08 November 2021

    This new ILO global Guide provides an overview of policy options and country practices to extend social protection to migrant workers, refugees and their families.

  6. Implementing the ILO Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention No. 169: Towards an inclusive, sustainable and just future

    03 February 2020

    This report examines the implementation of the Convention No. 169 and the current social and economic situation of indigenous people across the world.

  7. World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2020

    20 January 2020

    This report provides an overview of global and regional trends in employment, unemployment, labour force participation and productivity.