GAIN Reports

GAIN members use the GAIN methodology to develop green jobs assessments. These assessments analyse the employment impact of green policies, thus helping policymakers to make informed decisions based on state-of-the-art empirical methods and evidence-based research. Although sharing a common vision and methodological framework, GAIN Reports vary in scope, context, and specific objectives, depending on country needs and capacities.

See below the published reports:
  1. Ghana

    Green Jobs Assessment Model Ghana

    This study sets out to ascertain the social and employment impacts of Ghana's climate and green policies captured in the updated National Determined Contributions and the National Energy Transition Framework. Compared to a business-as-usual growth scenario, an alternative development path - in which climate and green policies are implemented - is analysed. The alternative climate and green policy scenario demonstrate positive development impacts in terms of economic growth and employment creation while GHG emissions are reduced. It turns out that the climate and green policies are a win-win for social and economic development.

  1. Burkina Faso

    Green Jobs Assessment Model: Sustainable Tourism in Burkina Faso

    This report sets out to analyse the social and employment impacts of the national strategy for sustainable tourism in Burkina Faso. It also assesses the long-term impact of conflict on the economy, and, projecting a scenario of political stability, evaluates the potential of tourism to drive economic growth.

  2. Jordan

    Green Jobs Assessment of Six Economic Sectors in Jordan - Synthesis Report

    Efforts to identify and facilitate the transition towards a green economy are intensifying in Jordan. The Government of Jordan is currently supporting various policies, initiatives, and programmes aimed at achieving a green economy. First and foremost is the recently adopted Economic Modernization Vision 2033 (EMV) which aims to accelerate sustainable economic growth. Unemployment, particularly among young people holding qualifications of at least Bachelors, is a persistent issue in Jordan and the creation of green jobs is high on the policy agenda. With the Ministry of Labour’s latest strategy, the National Employment Plan, the government aims to support sustainable job creation and has set itself an ambitious goal of 10% of jobs being green jobs by 2030.

  3. Mauritius

    Green jobs and employment impacts of a green and low carbon strategy in Mauritius


    Mauritius’ Climate Change Act entered into force in April 2021 and the National Determined Contributions (NDC) were submitted to the Climate Secretariat in October 2021, stepping up the island’s long-term commitment to sustainable development. Mauritius aims to reduce overall Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions by 40% in 2030 compared to the Business-as-Usual (BAU) scenario, levelling up existing green strategies and climate policies. This report sets out to quantify the impact of climate policies (as reflected in the NDC strategy) on the social, economic and labour market outcomes.

  4. Global

    Global employment impact of COVID-19 crisis and recovery policies: methodology and sample results


    The objective of this report is to illustrate the modelling of employment outcomes of country-based policies to stimulate the economy, notably a green and climate friendly economy.

  5. Indonesia

    Modelling and comparing the employment impacts of COVID-19 crisis and recovery policies in Indonesia


    The purpose of the modelling exercise in this country report is to estimate the net employment outcomes resulting from the economic fiscal interventions that have been announced in Indonesia during 2020-21 and implemented during 2021-22.

  6. Brazil

    Modelling and comparing employment impacts of COVID-19 crisis and recovery policies in Brazil


    The purpose of the modelling exercise in this country report is to estimate the net employment outcomes resulting from the economic fiscal interventions that have been announced in Brazil during 2020-21 and implemented during 2021-2022.

  7. Türkiye

    Social and Employment Impacts of Climate Change and Green Economy Policies in Türkiye


    This report sets out to assess Türkiye’s structural challenges in terms of its economic, social and environmental outcomes of a swift and comprehensive implementation of green low-carbon policies. First, a macro-economic structural simulation model, named the Green Jobs Assessment Model, was built for this purpose. And second, a green development scenario was applied and compared to a business-as-usual development scenario.

  8. Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe Green Jobs Assessment Report


    This study assess the social, employment and economic impacts of Zimbabwe’s climate policies. Impacts on the labour market, gender, economic growth and emissions are assessed. Renewable energy policies dominate investments notably into hydropower and solar power, resulting in the largest employment gains of all planned policies with a total of around 350,000 by 2035.

  9. Nigeria

    Nigeria Green Jobs Assessment Report


    One of the main questions in climate policymaking is to understand the economic and social costs and benefits. The potentional to create employment that these policies offer is of particular concern to developing and emerging economies with a young population that face structural challenges to generating sufficient employment opportunities for a growing number of labour market entrants.

  10. Tunisia

    Green Jobs in Tunisia: Measuring Methods and Model Results


    The current system of production is exponentially increasing the pressure on the environment, undermining world’s natural wealth and putting humans at risk by fuelling the negative effects of climate change. Within the context of the green growth scenarios envisaged in the Paris Agreement of 2015, this report studies the case of Tunisia and seeks to quantitatively analyse the extent of decent green jobs that currently exist in the country as well as the potential implications of such scenarios for Tunisian labour markets. Using the Input-Output (IO) economic modelling methodology, the study concludes that, assuming massive investment, the direct and indirect effects of a green jobs strategy could yield 272,000 green jobs in Tunisia by 2030.

  11. India

    Assessment and Model of Green Jobs Potential in India


    The key purpose of this study is to understand the prevalence of green jobs in India by developing a national-level green input-output (IO) table. Six sectors are specifically analysed: the four green sectors of forestry and logging, watershed development, wind energy, and metro transport services, and the two related sectors of wind turbine generator (WTG) manufacturing and rail transport services (other than metro).

  12. Uruguay

    Empleos verdes para un desarrollo sostenible. El caso Uruguayo


    Este estudio presenta una estimación del número actual de empleos verdes en Uruguay y su contribución al PIB. Basado en datos cuantitativos y cualitativos, el estudio intenta relevar evidencia de la calidad de los empleos existentes en sectores sostenibles en Uruguay. De esta manera el estudio sirve no solo para instalar una línea base para el desarrollo de acciones orientadas a favorecer la creación de empleos verdes sino también a reconocer cuales son las oportunidades y debilidades en el contexto de Uruguay.

  13. The Philippines

    Green jobs mapping study in the Philippines


    This desk research report is the initial step in mapping existing green jobs in the Philippine labour market, based on available published data from government as well as non-government sources.

  14. Mexico

    Green jobs in Mexico


    This report summarizes the main findings of a national green jobs assessment conducted in Mexico in 2013. The assessment revealed how many green jobs currently exist in the country and which sectors show the strongest potential for further green jobs creation.

  15. Malaysia

    Green jobs mapping study in Malaysia


    The mapping study was conducted to estimate and identify green jobs in Malaysia and identified potential challenges to developing a greener economy with green jobs and decent work.

  16. Mauritius

    Green jobs assessment: Mauritius


    This report provides an assessment of existent and potential green jobs in major economic industries of a small island developing state: Mauritius. It aims to inform and shape the Maurice Île Durable (MID) project, which was launched in 2008 with the objective to make Mauritius a world model of sustainable development.

  17. Gaza Strip

    Towards sustainable construction and green jobs in the Gaza Strip


    The assessment analyses the feasibility, opportunities and challenges of promoting sustainable construction in the Gaza Strip and explores ways to promote green jobs.

  18. Lebanon

    Green Jobs Assessement in Lebanon


    The study comprises four assessments in the sectors of energy, building and construction, agriculture and waste management in Lebanon.

  19. Bangladesh

    Estimating green jobs in Bangladesh


    The report summarizes the main findings of a study on the scale and distribution of green employment in the economy of Bangladesh.

  20. China

    Study on green employment in China


    This study presents both the current situation and potential for green employment in China, as well as results of surveys conducted in eight companies in the power industry.

  21. Brazil

    Empregos verdes no Brasil: quantos são, onde estão e como evoluirão nos próximos anos


    (In Portuguese)