Global supply chains

Supply chains are a common way of organizing investment, production and trade in today’s global economy. Facilitated by technological development, domestic and global supply chains have contributed to economic growth, job creation, poverty reduction and entrepreneurship all over the world. Supply chains are increasingly a lens to examine decent work challenges and opportunities, including when goods and services cross national borders for consumption or as inputs for further production. The ILO has recognized supply chains as an engine of development, especially when they promote technology transfers and the adoption of new production practices, which in turn can enable higher value-added activities requiring enhanced skills, productivity and competitiveness. At the same time, aspects of supply chains have raised concerns about their impact on working conditions and the protection of workers’ rights.

With its mandate, experience and expertise in the world of work, its normative approach to development and its tripartite structure, the ILO is uniquely positioned to address decent work in supply chains. The ILO seeks to promote dialogue on the opportunities and challenges associated with decent work in supply chains, and to identify policies and practices that can best harness their positive potential.