FAIR programme publications


  1. Facilitating Journeys: The role of intermediaries in labour migration process from Nepal

    13 December 2022

    What happens after the decision to migrate for work has been made? What steps do prospective migrants take, where do they obtain information and what services do they seek? This infographic is based on qualitative research amongst migrant workers that examines the wide range of intermediaries that workers encounter in their migration journey.

  2. Gender-sensitive reporting and communication on labour migration

    25 August 2022

    Stories about “migrants” tend to not capture gender-related disparities and the specific challenges that women or men can face in their labour migration experiences, this brief explores how journalists and communicators can introduce a gender-sensitive approach to their work.

  3. How digital technology can protect migrant workers from forced labour and exploitation

    22 June 2022

    Digital technology can be a game changer in migrant worker protection. But where to start? What digital products are already out there? How to make sure that technology delivers real benefits? A new research under the ILO Fair Recruitment Initiative provides answers.

  4. Compendium of promising practices to advance fair recruitment of (migrant) workers: 5 years of the Fair Recruitment Initiative

    29 March 2022

    In 2020, the ILO reviewed progress made since the launch of the Fair Recruitment Initiative five years earlier, by conducting a stocktaking exercise aimed at documenting promising practices towards fair recruitment, now documented in this Compendium of Promisnig Practices


  1. Use of digital technology in the recruitment of migrant workers

    13 December 2021

    This research report shows that digital technology can play a significant role in making safe labour migration and fair recruitment a reality. It also gives valuable recommendations for how to make this happen.

  2. Impact of COVID-19 on private recruitment agencies in the Philippines

    18 August 2021

    This assessment highlights the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Philippines’ recruitment industry, in particular private recruitment agencies (PRAs).

  3. Recruitment of migrant workers from Nepal: Country profile

    15 July 2021

    This review provides an overview of legislative and policy frameworks concerning recruitment of migrant workers in Nepal and identifies gaps in relation to the ILO General Principles and Operational Guidelines for Fair Recruitment.


  1. Global Study on Recruitment Fees and Related Costs

    27 November 2020

    A global study that examines the laws and policies of 90 countries, as well as numerous bilateral labour agreements and multi-stakeholder initiatives to identify the efforts Member States have made to regulate or prohibit recruitment fees and costs charged to workers. The global study supported the ILO’s adoption of the Definition of Recruitment Fees and Related Costs, which is to be read in conjunction with the ILO’s General Principles and Operational Guidelines on Fair Recruitment.


  1. The benefits of fair recruitment - Results of the impact study on the Nepal-Jordan corridor

    06 November 2019

  2. The benefits of fair recruitment - Results of the impact study on the Nepal-Jordan corridor

    06 November 2019