Pakistan floods 2022: Post Disaster Needs Assessment - Main Report

Following the floods that of Pakistan in 2022, which submerged 1/3 of the country and affected 33 million people, the government requested support for the development of a Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) between September and October 2022.

The PDNA was conducted under the leadership of the Ministry of Planning, Development and Special Initiatives, supported by the Asian Development Bank, the European Union, the United Nations agencies with technical facilitation by the United Nations Development Programme, and the World Bank.

The PDNA is structured as two reports: this (i) Main Report titled Pakistan Floods 2022: Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) – Main Report, including estimations on damage, loss, and needs, methodology overview, resilient recovery strategy, macroeconomic and human impacts, and a summary of sector assessments; and the (ii) Supplemental Report, expanding on those findings with full sector assessment reports, detailed methodology, a full list of contributors and credits.

The assessment estimates total damages to exceed USD 14.9 billion, and total economic losses to reach about USD 15.2 billion. Estimated needs for rehabilitation and reconstruction in a resilient way are at least USD 16.3 billion, not including much-needed new investments beyond the affected assets, to support Pakistan’s adaptation to climate change and overall resilience of the country to future climate shocks.

The ILO contributed to the joint assessment by analyzing the consequences of the disaster on the Employment and Livelihoods Sector. The floods have caused destruction to lives and livelihoods in all provinces. Preliminary estimates suggest that, without decisive relief and recovery efforts to help the poor, between 8.4 to 9.1 million people may be pushed into poverty as a result of the disaster. A total of 4.3 million workers across all provinces have been affected, with varied income losses due to severity and duration of the impact.