Emergency Employment

What's new

  1. Video

    New water system promotes peace, decent work in Maguindanao

    17 May 2022

    Women and former combatants from Datu Piang, Maguindanao built a water system that will benefit 95 households. The ILO Japan Water and Sanitation Project trained and engaged local communities as workers to build a water system, which contributed to providing jobs and promoting peace in the Bangsamoro region.

  2. Video

    Former combatants partner for safe water, peace in Mindanao

    17 May 2022

    Former combatants trained as construction workers built a level II water system with 22 tap stands under the ILO Japan Water and Sanitation Project to provide jobs and promote peace in the Bangsamoro region. More than a thousand households and a nearby school with hundred of children gain access to safe and clean water.

  3. Our impact, their voices

    Clean water, decent work unite communities for peace

    17 May 2022

    Over 2,000 households in five villages benefit from three new water systems built under the ILO Japan Water and Sanitation Project in Balabagan, Lanao del Sur. The project contributed to provide jobs and promote peace in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) in the Philippines.

  4. EIIP Digital Collection

    The EIIP Digital collection now available publicly

    11 April 2022

    The EIIP has been working with the ILO Library to establish a separate EIIP collection within the overall ILO Digital Collection of publications. This collection is now publicly available and provides a permanent repository of EIIP publication and will be kept updated. It includes all EIIP related publications which have been published by the ILO or for which the copyright rests with the ILO.

What is Emergency Employment?

EIIP supports governments to generate job opportunities in response to demands arising from crises. Such efforts result not only in creating quality infrastructure, but also in improving the performance of other sectors such as agriculture, the environment, transport, and trade and industry.

The initial short-term emergency employment transitions into a more integrated medium-to long-term term approach to recover from and be better prepared for future crises. Over the years, the EIIP approaches to infrastructure development have proved to be effective in both preparing for disasters and contributing to conflict prevention as well as during the recovery and reconstruction works.

Short-term emergency employment

EIIP supports direct short-term employment creation (emergency employment) that provides immediate short-term cash income opportunities to vulnerable people or communities. Work is mostly carried out on public or community infrastructure, which addresses the immediate economic and social needs of affected people, and supports the revival of the local economy and environment.
Emergency employment emphasizes productivity, impact and decent working conditions. These include occupational safety and health (OSH), saying “no” to child labour, equal pay for work of equal value, safeguards for environmental protection, the so-called graduating mechanisms (i.e. transitioning towards sustainable livelihood), and the creation of asset value in infrastructures.

Employment creation may also prevent the rise of tensions in communities, and contribute to social cohesion and dialogue.
In the case of conflict, the provision of employment to the disenfranchized can also contribute to defusing tension in volatile communities and lower the risk of future incidents. Equally, in societies where warring parties have recently promised a ceasefire or signed a peace agreement, they can respond to expectations of livelihood development, including infrastructure improvements and increased job opportunities.

Medium to long-term crisis response and disaster risk reduction

A key feature of most EIIP programmes is the commitment to provide long-term support through all stages of a crisis response process, starting during the emergency phase, continuing through the recovery phase and thereafter transforming the support into regular development assistance or national funding.

Most crisis response programmes involve significant reconstruction of infrastructure facilities and therefore provide an important avenue to apply EIIP’s unique combination of infrastructure and employment creation expertise.

The EIIP approach is an effective way of mobilizing communities to build up resilience, restore sustainable livelihoods in response to crises, such as natural disasters, conflicts and economic downturns. The programme’s fields of action also contribute to avoiding (prevention) and limiting (mitigation and preparedness) the impacts of crises.