Good Practice

Combating child labour through education and training in Pakistan AND Support to the Time-Bound Programme on the elimination of the worst forms of child labour in Pakistan - Joint Final Evaluation

Good Practice Description

Use of NFE curricula and materials. In a number of child labour prevention/withdrawal projects, the implementing agencies use their own curricula and diverse training material to conduct NFE, literacy and skills training programmes. The implementing NGOs in the SDC-DANIDA projects have used a common curriculum, training material and methodology, indicators and standards for all the children covered in the four project districts where direct service delivery is being provided. Using common curriculum, teaching materials and information systems by various implementing partners facilitates both quality control and potential for mainstreaming and scale up. It also becomes comparatively easy to assess the performance of each implementing partner. This good practice of the two projects with similar objectives and outputs has the potential to be adapted countrywide.

Adaptation of the Teacher Training Information Kit and SCREAM in collaboration with government partners and by entrusting them to conduct the training programmes exclusively has boosted their self confidence created a strong sense of ownership and commitment. The government partners have taken on the responsibilities and demonstrated their commitment with timely and quality delivery of the component. The master trainers trained by the project were also given the responsibility of training teachers in six other districts. This practice can be taken forward as a successful example to engage other government departments to play their role in combating child labour.

Modelling good practices in NFE. The strategy to start afternoon classes in government schools is a proactive measure to demonstrate to the Department of Schools and Literacy that non formal education can be successfully implemented in the government environment. Normally Government departments, agencies and NGOs have scoffed at the very idea that NFE can be successfully adopted by the government education departments. The SDC-DANIDA projects have established that if the NFE system is demonstrated to be a bridge rather than a parallel system, it is easier to get it accepted by the government. The approach of this good practice can be applied to other components as well where the government becomes a part of the interventions rather than antagonized that its systems are being by-passed.

Extending pre-vocational and vocational training to working children and to mothers to provide income alternatives to child labour is a good practice. Officially, skills training programmes in Pakistan require at least eight years of formal education, such that only older children (12-17) and adults are eligible. The project has successfully overcome that barrier by supporting the DMTE to develop and conduct tailor made skill training packages for neo-literate child labour covered under the project, which includes children below 12. This has enhanced the value of MPCs and provided an opportunity to divert younger children from child labour and to improve children¿s income generating skills in non hazardous occupations. Including mothers in skills training has improved their mobility and contributed to their empowerment. It has also strengthened their resolve to ensure that their children attend the MPC skill training programmes regularly. Involving the primary grass roots stakeholders can be categorized as a further key good practice.