Papers and Briefs

  1. Research Brief

    Protecting the life and health of workers during the COVID 19 pandemic: Overview of national legislative and policy responses

    26 January 2021

    The COVID-19 crisis has highlighted the cardinal importance of protecting health and safety in the workplace. ILO Member States are responding, through legislative and policy measures in the world of work, to the occupational health and safety issues raised by this extraordinary situation. This Brief provides examples of laws and policies from 35 countries and territories that are relevant to understanding how workers’ safety and health have been upheld during the crisis.

  2. ILO Working paper 18

    More is more. Livelihood interventions and child labor in the agricultural sector

    14 December 2020

    This paper presents the results of two randomized livelihood intervention programmes aimed to reduce child labor, particularly in its most exploitative forms, in rural areas of Peru and the Philippines. It assess whether livelihood support interventions are effective in reducing child labor in rural areas; and whether combining livelihood support with education interventions and awareness-raising components makes the programmes more effective.

  3. ILO Working paper 15

    The Transformation of the Mexican Labour Regulation Model and its link to North American Economic Integration

    23 November 2020

    This paper examines the different phases and changes of the Mexican labour regulation model. It analyses the extent to which trade liberalization was pivotal in the recent labour regulation reforms – particularly in the area of freedom of association and collective bargaining –.

  4. ILO Working paper 13

    The labour market impact of international trade: Methodological approaches for macro- and meso-level assessments

    20 October 2020

    The paper presents an analysis of methodological approaches commonly used for the empirical assessment of international trade on labour market outcomes at the macro and meso level. It explains how mixed-methods and the use of a broader set of indicators could improve the analysis of qualitative aspects of the labour market related to working conditions.

  5. ILO Working paper 12

    Trade and labour market outcomes: Theory and evidence at the firm and worker levels

    20 October 2020

    This paper surveys the literature on the impact of international trade on firms and workers. It also discusses the challenges for future research and the need for developing new statistical indicators that better reflect the dimensions of decent work.

  6. ILO Working paper 7

    What drives CSR? An empirical analysis on the labour dimensions of CSR

    05 August 2020

    Relying on the data provided by an ESG rating agency, this paper aims at bringing more understanding on the diversity of firms’ behaviours in terms of labour related CSR and filling a gap on the potential role of labour market institutions, including workers’ collective rights, to contribute to an effective CSR policy.

  7. Policy brief

    COVID-19 and global supply chains: How the jobs crisis propagates across borders

    29 June 2020

    This brief investigates the international propagation through global supply chains of the demand and supply disruptions caused by the COVID-19 crisis. It provides estimates of the number of jobs in manufacturing supply chains that are at risk as a result of those disruptions.

  8. ILO Working paper 3

    Digital manufacturing revolutions as political projects and hypes: evidences from the auto sector

    27 April 2020

    The article analyses the evolution of automotive manufacturing technologies and organisations and assesses the impact of “fourth industrial revolution” concepts and policies (in Germany, US and Chi­na) in particular for employment and work.

  9. ILO Working paper 2

    Environmental integrity and doing business in Zimbabwe: Challenges and engagement of sustainable enterprises

    01 April 2020

    The objective of this paper is to explore the views of different groups of the business community, including workers, managers and owners of the formal as well as of the informal economy, on how environmental integrity is being pursued in Zimbabwe. Both quantitative and qualitative/interpretative methods have been applied. The paper concludes suggesting actions that the private sector can adopt to improve the existing situation and further strengthen its engagement towards environmental integrity in the country.

  10. Research Department Working Paper n°53

    Gender inequality and old-age income security: The case of Mexico

    21 January 2020