The COVID-19 pandemic is causing immense disruptions to the world of work, which had already been under great strain due to profound changes in technology, globalization, demographics, climate and the environment, as well as other global trends. While the full impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on workers and businesses will be revealed in the years to come, the evidence so far suggests a wide range of formidable policy challenges. Above all, the scale of labour market disruption is massive and unprecedented. ILO estimates show that in 2020 the pandemic brought working hours down by 8.8 per cent, which is equivalent to 255 million full-time jobs (assuming 48 working hours per week).
COVID-19 and the world of work: Towards a human-centred recovery
This scale of the loss was four times greater than during the global financial crisis in 2009. In this crisis, job losses translated mainly into rising inactivity rather than unemployment. Working-hours are expected to stay well below the pre-pandemic level for an extended period of time. The job crisis is genuinely global in that it affects all countries, but at the same time is uneven as there are large variations between countries. Lower-middle-income countries in particular were hit hard, while their resources for policy actions were severely limited. As a consequence of the uneven impact there are concerns that this crisis will widen inequality between countries. Similarly, the pandemic has affected workers and businesses to differing degrees.
Young people, women and care workers, as well as migrant, low-paid, low-skilled, precarious and informal workers, have been taking a disproportionate share of the impact, while some other groups have been only minimally affected or have even profited from the crisis. Precarious, low-paid workers, including those in the platform economy, often did not benefit from protection measures, while high-paid workers in finance and technology remained largely unaffected. At the same time, many small and medium-sized enterprises have also faced significant challenges from the crisis, especially with regard to business continuity, while some larger enterprises, particularly large technological companies, have thrived.
The current crisis has laid bare the unequal structure of the labour market today and the uneven impact risks widening and deepening the gaps during the recovery process. There are also questions as to whether these disruptions will be temporary or structural. Early evidence shows that many jobs which have been lost will not return, while sectoral changes are inevitable. This implies that large-scale labour market transitions for workers may have to take place during the recovery. Given that the recovery is likely to be uneven and uncertain, it is imperative to ensure a broad-based, human-centred recovery from COVID-19 through employment, income and social protection policies that promote workers’ rights, gender, race and other forms of equality and social dialogue for all.
Conference ThemesThe 7th Regulating for Decent Work (RDW) Conference will examine the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the world of work and discuss policy and regulatory measures to mitigate such impacts and facilitate a robust and inclusive recovery for all. Each day of the Conference will focus on a specific theme:
Tuesday 6 July: 14h to 21h30 CET
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the world of work in 2020–21
This theme invites papers that assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on different groups of workers such as youth, women, migrants, and those in the informal economy or non-standard work arrangements including platform workers. We invite papers that are based on new data, which analyse how the pandemic has affected these varied groups of workers in terms of their participation in the labour market, their income, their social protection and their working conditions. Papers may also consider the implications for inequality, and can examine the transition of workers between labour-market states and sectors.
Wednesday 7 July: 9h30 to 17h45This theme invites papers that explore the range of labour and social protection policies implemented to mitigate the effects of the crisis. These include wage policies; working arrangements, such as teleworking; measures to promote occupational safety and health; health protection and access to health care; sickness benefits; job-retention schemes; unemployment benefits and other income support measures; and training and reskilling employment subsidies. We particularly welcome papers that rely on primary data analysis and which provide empirical support for (or against) the effectiveness of specific policy measures and lessons for possible future design.
Labour and social protection policies in the crisis response
Labour and social protection policies in the crisis response
Thursday 8 July: 10h to 17h45
Governance, regulation, and collective bargaining
This theme invites papers that examine the governance and regulation of work during the COVID-19 pandemic. The theme assumes that governance and regulation of work are a state responsibility, but can take place through both public and private action, including collective bargaining, other forms of social dialogue, and private governance regimes. We invite papers that explore how existing institutions and modes of governance of work have been used to shape policy responses during the pandemic. They may also consider the impact of the pandemic on the governance of work: that is, papers may consider how existing institutions and modes of governance have adapted or evolved, and/or identify examples of new approaches that have emerged.
Friday 9 July: 10h15 to 18h45
The post COVID-19 world of work: In search of a human-centred recovery
The ILO Centenary Declaration on the Future of Work called for ensuring that all people benefit from the changing world of work and for no one to be left behind. Just one year later, the COVID-19 pandemic laid bare weaknesses in governance and the critical policy gaps that have resulted in extreme suffering throughout the world. With a view to containing and mitigating such hardship in the future, this theme welcomes papers that explore new approaches to the governance of economies and labour markets (for example, new approaches to social dialogue or workplace democracy, including cooperatives) as well as a wide range of policy measures – from macro-level (public investment, debt restructuring and forgiveness) and sectoral (including the care economy and a just transition) interventions, to specific labour and social protection policies – that can help bring about a human-centred world of work.