Events and courses

December 2019

  1. The partner Pay Gap

    Despite women's recent gains in education and employment, husbands still tend to out-earn their wives. This article examines the relationship between the partner pay gap, i.e. the difference in earned income between married, co-resident partners, and life satisfaction. Contrary to previous studies, we investigate the effects of recent changes in relative earnings within couples as well as labour market transitions. Using seven waves of the UK Household Longitudinal Study, we reveal that men exhibit an increase in life satisfaction in response to a recent increase in their proportional earnings while women, after accounting for employment changes, exhibit a decrease in life satisfaction. We also find secondary-earning husbands report lower average life satisfaction than primary-earning men, while such differences were not found for women. The analysis offers compelling evidence of the role of gendered norms in the sustenance of the partner pay gap.

November 2019

  1. Socially Responsible Investment and Decent Work

    ILO’s Global Commission on the Future of Work stressed the key role of long-term financing and its impact in the creation of decent and sustainable work. The commission pointed the need to develop market-based incentives to promote the alignment of business activities with the human-centred agenda adopted by the ILO. The seminar will aim at questioning the potential role of Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) in this purpose. The objective of SRI is for investors to select securities not only on the basis of purely financial criteria, but also according to social, environmental and ethical requirements (ESG) such as low carbon emissions, decent working conditions and transparent corporate governance. Professor Louche will address this issue by highlighting the role of ESG rating agencies and their methodologies, identifying the difficulties in measuring ESG criteria and questioning the potential complementarities between the three dimensions of SRI.

October 2019

  1. Launch and presentation of the ILO Report: “What works: Promoting pathways to decent work”

    The Synthesis Report and research project “What works: Promoting pathways to decent work” of the ILO Research Department’s Policy Evaluation Unit was officially launched on 17 October 2019 in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) by the ILO Regional Office for Africa and the ILO Research Department. On the occasion of the launch, a seminar was organized to present the findings of the report to policy makers, leading academics and international experts in the region. The seminar offered an opportunity to discuss the role of complementarities in labour market policies in addressing employment and social challenges in the region.

  2. Financing a Global Green New Deal

    This year’s Trade and Development Report suggests that meeting the financing demands of the Agenda 2030 requires rebuilding multilateralism around the idea of a Global Green New Deal, and pursuing a financial future very different from the recent past. The place to begin building such a future is with a serious discussion of public financing options, as part of a wider process of repairing the social contract on which inclusive and sustainable outcomes can emerge and from which private finance can be engaged on more socially productive terms.

September 2019

  1. A Financial Framework for Valuing Carbon Sequestration by Cetaceans and other environmental assets

  2. Fertile Ground for Conflict

    We investigate how variations in soil productivity affect civil conflicts. We first present a model with heterogeneous land in which variations in input prices (fertilizers) affect appropriable rents and the opportunity costs of fighting. The theory predicts that spikes in input prices increase the likelihood of conflicts through their effect on income and inequality, and that this effect is magnified when soil fertility is naturally more heterogenous. We test these predictions using data on conflict events covering all Sub-Saharan African countries at a spatial resolution of 0.5 _ 0.5 degree latitude and longitude over the 1997-2013 period. We combine information on soil characteristics and worldwide variations in fertilizer prices to identify local exogenous changes in input costs. As predicted, variations in soil productivity triggered by variations in fertilizer prices are positively associated with conflicts, especially in cells where land endowments are more heterogeneous. In addition, we find that the distribution of land fertility both within and across ethnic groups affects violence, and that the effect of between-group heterogeneity in soil quality is magnified in densely populated areas. Overall, our findings imply that inequality in access to fertile areas { an issue largely neglected in the literature dealing with the roots of Sub-Saharan African civil wars { constitutes a serious threat to peace at the local-level.

July 2019

  1. An overview of Corporate Social Responsibility in China

    CSR has become a global trend. With the growing concern on the economic development and social progress, the CSR situation in China has also aroused people's interests. In this presentation, the evolution and the current situation of CSR based on the quantity and quality of CSR reports, CSR management and information disclosing level etc. in China will be analyzed firstly. Then, the actions from different stakeholders including government at different levels, industry association, education and research institutions, and capital market will be discussed. Next, four key areas of CSR practice including participating in poverty alleviation, conducting environment protection, promoting social employment, and engaging in strategic social responsibility in China nowadays will be put forwards. Lastly, some conclusions and implications will be shared.

  2. The Technology Trap: Capital, Labor, and Power in the Age of Automation

    Carl Benedikt Frey is the Oxford Martin Citi Fellow and co-director of the Oxford Martin Programme on Technology and Employment at the Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford. He explains In his new book how the history of technological revolutions can help us better understand economic and political polarization in the age of automation. Just as the Industrial Revolution eventually brought about extraordinary benefits for society, artificial intelligence systems have the potential to do the same. But Frey argues that this depends on how the short term is managed.

June 2019

  1. Direct and indirect effects of a subsidized apprenticeship program

    Evaluations of employment programs usually focus on direct impacts on participants, but potential indirect effects are rarely quantified. This paper analyzes how the introduction of a subsidized apprenticeship program in Côte d’Ivoire impacts youths’ decision to enter apprenticeship and firms’ demand for apprentices in the short-term. The experiment simultaneously randomized whether apprenticeship positions opened by firms were filled by the program, and whether interested youths were assigned to a formal apprenticeship. This design allows for estimating whether individuals forgo other apprenticeship opportunities (windfall effects), and whether firms replace other apprentices with program participants (substitution effects). We find both effects to be moderate. A framework shows how they combine. Overall, 0.74 to 0.77 apprenticeship position is created per subsidized apprentice. This shows that the intervention expands access to apprenticeships and increases the net number of positions in firms. The subsidy offsets foregone labor earnings while youth are in formal apprenticeships. At the same time, the net value of work provided by apprentices increases, pointing to large indirect effects in firms.

  2. Trade and Development Report 2018 - Power, platforms and the free trade delusion

    Presenter: Jeronim Capaldo (UNCTAD), Chair: Tahmina Karimova (RESEARCH, ILO)

    Jeronim Capaldo is an Economist who joined the ILO in 2014. His research focuses on macroeconometric modelling, which he applies to project global scenarios for growth, employment and income distribution. He is currently on a secondment to UNCTAD. Previously, Jeronim worked at Tufts University and at the United Nations’ Department of Economic and Social Affairs. He is a graduate of the USA New School for Social Research (Phd in Economics) and the University of Rome “La Sapienza” (Laurea in Economia).