Recovering from the Ebola Crisis

The outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in parts of West Africa is now the largest, longest, most severe and most complex in the nearly four-decade history of this disease. This report comprises contributions to the national recovery planning processes.

In response to a call by the United Nations Secretary-General and the Governments of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, an international team conducted an Ebola Recovery Assessment. The United Nations, European Union, World Bank and African Development Bank carried out the multi-partner mission in January 2015, in consultation with a range of partners including the Mano River Union, Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and African Union. The aim was to contribute towards laying the foundation for short-, medium- and long-term recovery while the medical emergency response continues to tackle the epidemic. Discussions during the mission focused on five interrelated questions:
-What pre-Ebola structural conditions and practices facilitated the rapid spread of the EVD?
-What has been the direct impact of the EVD epidemic on structures and systems?
-What are the critical recovery priorities for the short term (12 months) and for the medium-to-long term (three to five years)?
-What are existing Ebola-related capacities and resources on which recovery should be based?
-What immediate and medium-term risks could undermine recovery efforts and outcomes if no mitigating
measures are put in place?

Four thematic working groups were established for the assessment to ensure full coverage of Ebola-related issues: i) health, nutrition and WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene); ii) governance, peacebuilding and social cohesion; iii) infrastructure and basic services; and iv) socio-economic revitalization.

In addition to thematic area analysis, country reports provide additional information on the three Ebola-affected countries.
This integrated report is based on the submissions of these working groups and the country reports submitted to the three governments as contributions to their national recovery planning processes.