Report: executive summary

Haiti earthquake 2021: Post Disaster Needs Assessment (executive summary)

Following the 7.2 magnitude earthquake that struck the Southern Peninsula of Haiti on 14 August 2021, the government mobilized the WB, UN and EU tripartite partnership – joined by the IADB – to support the development of the PDNA between 30 August and 22 September 2021.

Starting from a context analysis of the three departments affected (Sud, Grand’Anse and Nippes), the assessment focused on the quantitative identification of the effects of the disaster in terms of damage and losses caused by the earthquake, as well as recovery needs for: (i) productive sectors (agriculture, commerce and industry, tourism), (ii) social sectors (housing, health and education), (iii) infrastructure sectors, and (iv) crosscutting sectors (disaster risk reduction and environment). The assessment also covered the human impact of the earthquake according to five indicators: (i) the living conditions of the population, (ii) employment and livelihoods, (iii) food security and nutrition, (iv) gender equality and (v) social inclusion and social protection; and quantified the macroeconomic impact. Finally, the assessment included the development of a vision, guiding principles and strategic guidelines for post-earthquake recovery.

Jointly with the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour (MAST), the ILO co-led the assessment of the employment and livelihood sector with the participation of AGERCA (Alliance pour la Gestion des Risques et la Continuité des Activités, appointed by ADIH - Association des Industries d'Haïti); the trade union confederation; and FAO, WFP, UNEP and UNDP. It is estimated that a total of 10.8 million workdays (or the equivalent of 91,681 full-time jobs) and approximately 110 million HTG of personal income were lost due to production losses in the agricultural and in non-agricultural sectors as a result of the disasters caused by the earthquake and tropical depression.