Traditionally, home-based work involved labour-intensive activities in garments, textiles and footwear manufacturing, as well as skilled artisan production. Today, home-based work can be found in high-end modern industries, including manufacturing of airline and automobile parts, assembly work in electronics, and packaging work in pharmaceuticals. In developed countries such as EU member Slovenia, clerical and higher-skilled work in information technology, telecommunication, telemarketing and technical consulting may be home-based.
The ILO Convention defines who a homeworker is: someone who carries out work in their home or in other premises of choice, other than the workplace of the employer; for remuneration; resulting in a service or a product as specified by the employer.
C177 on Home Work calls for these workers to enjoy the same labour rights as other wage workers, including:
- Fair remuneration
- Minimum age of admission to work
- Social security and maternity benefits
- Hours of work, rest periods and paid annual leave
- Occupational safety and health ensured
- The right to organize, to bargain collectively and for dispute resolution, and
Slovenia was the 11th country to sign ILO Convention No. 177. From Central and Eastern Europe, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria and North Macedonia ratified it to date.