ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations
ILO-en-strap
Site Map | Contact français
> Home > Triblex: case-law database > By thesaurus keyword

Adversarial proceedings (183, 184,-666)

You searched for:
Keywords: Adversarial proceedings
Total judgments found: 86

1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | next >

  • Judgment 4794


    137th Session, 2024
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges his appraisal report for 2016.

    Consideration 9

    Extract:

    As for the complainantís contention that the objection procedure before the Appraisals Committee set out in Circular No. 366 does not offer the same safeguards as the internal appeal procedure before the Appeals Committee, the complainant has not put forward any arguments showing the objection procedure to be flawed. The Tribunal recalls that respect for the adversarial principle and the right to be heard requires that the official concerned be afforded the opportunity to comment on all relevant issues relating to the contested decision (see, for example, [...] Judgment 4637, consideration 12, and Judgments 4408, consideration 4, and 2598, consideration 6).

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2598, 4408, 4637

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; rating; right to be heard;



  • Judgment 4781


    137th Session, 2024
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges the decision to reject her complaint of harassment and abuse of authority.

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    According to the Tribunalís case law, respect for the adversarial principle and the right to be heard in the internal appeal procedure requires that the official concerned be afforded the opportunity to comment on all relevant issues relating to the contested decision (see, for example, Judgments 4697, consideration 11, 4662, consideration 11, 4408, consideration 4, and 2598, consideration 6). Accordingly, that official must have the opportunity, insofar as is compatible with the rules of receivability and procedure to which she or he is subject, to freely develop the arguments in support of her or his appeal.
    [...]
    A provision that gives an appeal body the ability to waive the time limits that normally apply confers on that body discretionary power to be used according to the circumstances of each case. However, in the event of a dispute on the matter, it is for the Tribunal to ensure that the appeal body has not exercised that power improperly (see, for example, Judgment 3267, considerations 3 and 4).
    In the present case, the Tribunal considers that, given the very particular situation in which the complainant found herself at the material time, the Appeal Board was indeed presented with exceptional circumstances within the meaning of the aforementioned subparagraph (d), which warranted permission being given to the complainant to finalise her appeal outside the time limit, and that the Board was therefore acting improperly in refusing to give her that opportunity, attempting to justify this position by a reference to ďnormal practice and proceduresĒ, from which it should therefore have departed.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2598, 3267, 4408, 4662, 4697

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; exception; internal appeal; right to be heard; time limit;

    Consideration 9

    Extract:

    According to the Tribunalís case law, an accusation of harassment made by an official requires an international organisation to investigate the matter ensuring that due process is observed, for the protection of both the person(s) accused and the accuser (see, for example, Judgments 3617, consideration 11, 3065, consideration 10, 2973, consideration 16, and 2552, consideration 3).
    As a result, in the event of an accusation of harassment, the adversarial principle requires, in particular, that the accuser be kept informed of the content of statements made by the person(s) accused and any testimony gathered as part of the investigation, in order to challenge them if necessary (see Judgments 4110, consideration 4, 3617, consideration 12, and 3065, considerations 7 and 8).
    In the present case, it is not apparent from the file that the complainant was informed during the course of the investigation, as is required by this case law, of the content of the observations made by the supervisors who were the subject of her complaint or the statements of the witnesses heard by the investigator. On the contrary, all the evidence appears to confirm the complainantís assertion, which is not expressly disputed by the organisation in its submissions, that the information in question was not provided to her. In that regard, the Tribunal notes in particular that the sections of the report of 17 September 2019 that deal with the methodology of the investigation and the detailed examination of the complainantís various allegations indicate that she was indeed heard at the start of the investigation but was not subsequently invited to comment on the reactions of her supervisors when they were questioned by the investigator, nor on the statements from the various witnesses heard by the investigator.
    It follows from these findings that the investigation in question was not conducted in compliance with the adversarial principle.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2552, 2973, 3065, 3617, 4110

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; harassment; inquiry; right to be heard;



  • Judgment 4745


    137th Session, 2024
    International Organization for Migration
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges the decision to discharge him after due notice.

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    [T]he Tribunal holds that the [Office of the Inspector General]ís preliminary assessment is not strictly part of the disciplinary proceedings (see, in this connection, Judgment 3944, consideration 4), and Instruction IN/275 does not provide for its disclosure. Therefore, its non-disclosure does not vitiate the disciplinary process. In any case, a complainant is entitled to receive the preliminary assessment, if she or he requests it (see Judgment 4659, consideration 4). In the present case, the complainant did not request the disclosure of the OIGís preliminary assessment either in his request for review or in his internal appeal. He raised this issue for the first time before the Tribunal and the Tribunal is satisfied that, since the Organization has disclosed it in its submissions before it, the complainant has had ample opportunity to comment on it.

    Regarding [the Office of Legal Affairsí] recommendation on disciplinary measures, the Tribunal notes that Instruction IN/275 contains no provision requiring the disclosure of this recommendation to the subject of the disciplinary proceedings. Nevertheless, pursuant to paragraph 20 of Instruction IN/275, [the Office of Legal Affairsí] recommendation is a mandatory step in the disciplinary proceedings and, as such, it is plainly foundational to the disciplinary decision taken at the end of those proceedings.
    [Ö]
    [T]he Tribunal is satisfied that the disciplinary proceedings were conducted in compliance with the applicable internal rules [Ö], and consistent with the due process and the adversarial principles (see, for example, Judgments 4011, consideration 9, 3872, consideration 6, and 2771, consideration 15).

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2771, 3872, 3944, 4011, 4659

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; disciplinary procedure; inquiry; investigation;



  • Judgment 4709


    136th Session, 2023
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges the refusal to recognise her illness as attributable to official duty.

    Consideration 5

    Extract:

    [T]he complainant takes issue with the fact that she was not provided with the Medical Adviserís opinion on her compensation claim before that opinion was submitted to the Compensation Committee, which did not allow her to obtain any comments that her treating physicians may have wished to make on it. She regards this as a breach of the adversarial principle. However, the Tribunal considers that the opinion, drawn up for the Committee by one of its members to serve as a basis for its deliberations, is by its nature an internal working document which, in the absence of provisions requiring it to be disclosed to the parties, need not be communicated to the staff member concerned. Thus, while the complainant was entitled to have access to the Medical Adviserís opinion afterwards Ė it being noted that this right was observed, as the submissions show that the document in question was sent to her on 21 January 2020 at her request Ė she has no grounds to submit that she should have received a copy of it before the Committee drew up its recommendations.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; disclosure of evidence;



  • Judgment 4705


    136th Session, 2023
    European Organization for Nuclear Research
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant filed an application for review of Judgment 4274.

    Consideration 14

    Extract:

    [I]t cannot be considered that this action constituted, in the present case, a breach of the adversarial principle, since the requests made by the Tribunal to the Organization sought only the communication of purely factual objective information and the provision of a copy of a legal text and could not, by their nature, give rise to any dispute or meaningful discussion. The proceedings relating to the case were therefore not affected by any flaws.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings;



  • Judgment 4662


    136th Session, 2023
    International Criminal Police Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant contests the Secretary Generalís decision to reject her application for voluntary departure and her claim for compensation for ďlegitimate resignationĒ.

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    [W]hile it is true that the complainant received belatedly the opinion of the Workforce Mobility Committee which had given its view on her application, the submissions and documents in the file show that the Committee was mindful of the complainantís grievances on this point and forwarded the opinion to her so it could receive her comments, which the complainant was able to submit to the Committee before it delivered its recommendation. The complainant was therefore able to comment on the relevant issues relating to the decisions that were the subject of her internal appeal and, in particular, on the Organizationís arguments (see Judgment 4408, consideration 4). The complainantís allegations of failure to observe the adversarial principle have not been proven.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 4408

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; disclosure of evidence; right to be heard;



  • Judgment 4659


    136th Session, 2023
    International Criminal Police Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges the decision to dismiss him for serious misconduct.

    Consideration 5

    Extract:

    The Tribunal notes that the decision to dismiss the complainant for serious misconduct, taken by the Secretary General on 24 December 2018 and confirmed by the impugned decision, states that the disciplinary measure imposed was based on several acts of misconduct, one of which was expressly presented as particularly serious, that is the complainantís withholding of lists of foreign terrorists.
    However, the Tribunal observes that, as the complainant submits, the latter act of misconduct was not included in the confidential memorandum of 26 March 2018 notifying the complainant of the charges against him, even though it had a clear impact in the assessment of the seriousness of the disciplinary penalty to be ordered. In fact, it is apparent from the evidence that the complainant was only officially informed of this new charge on the actual day of his hearing before the Joint Disciplinary Committee, at which he was directly invited to present his comments on the matter.
    More generally, the Tribunal finds that, as the complainant contends, due process was clearly breached by the fact that he was unable to prepare his defence before the Joint Disciplinary Committee effectively, if necessary with the assistance of his counsel, and that, contrary to what had been promised to him on various occasions during the proceedings by the Chairman of the Committee, he was unable to participate actively in the processing of the evidence by criticising the evidence gathered by the Organization and putting forward his own (see, in that regard, Judgments 4011, consideration 9, 3295, consideration 11, and 1661, consideration 3).

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1661, 3295, 4011

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; disciplinary measure; disciplinary procedure;

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    The Tribunal notes that it is undisputed that the preliminary inquiry report was never sent to the complainant in its entirety, even in a version redacted to the extent necessary to maintain the confidentiality of some aspects of the investigation, linked in particular to protecting the interests of third parties. It is true that, as the Organization argues, the actual disciplinary proceedings were only initiated by the notification of the Secretary Generalís confidential memorandum of 26 March 2018. However, the fact remains that the preliminary inquiry report also constitutes obviously an important element of the proceedings in the present case, since the charges initially brought against the complainant were based on that report and it had been forwarded to both the Joint Disciplinary Committee and the Joint Appeals Committee, which took it into consideration in their respective opinions.
    It follows that Staff Rule 10.3.2(5), under which the official concerned ď[shall] have access to all documents and forms of evidence submitted to the Joint CommitteesĒ was not complied with and there was a breach of due process as established in the Tribunalís case law (see Judgments 4412, consideration 14, 4310, consideration 11, and 3295, consideration 13).

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 3295, 4310, 4412

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; confidentiality; disciplinary measure; disciplinary procedure; disclosure of evidence; investigation report;



  • Judgment 4637


    135th Session, 2023
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges his staff report for 2014.

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    The complainant [...] submits that the objection procedure before the Appraisals Committee set out in Circular No. 366 does not include the same safeguards as the internal appeal procedure before the Appeals Committee. However, the complainant does not put forward any arguments showing the objection procedure to be flawed. That the procedure before the Appraisals Committee is a written procedure, unless otherwise decided, does not breach his right to be heard. The Tribunal points out that respect for the adversarial principle and the right to be heard requires that the official concerned be afforded the opportunity to comment on all relevant issues relating to the contested decision (see Judgments 4408, consideration 4, and 2598, consideration 6), but there is no general principle requiring her or him to be given an opportunity to present oral submissions (see Judgment 4398, consideration 4). Furthermore, the complainant had the opportunity to submit his observations at several points during the conciliation procedure and in the objections he submitted to the Appraisals Committee.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2598, 4398, 4408

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; rating; right to be heard;



  • Judgment 4564


    134th Session, 2022
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges his staff report for the 2008-2009 exercise.

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    [T]he complainant complains, [...] in respect of the documents appended to the surrejoinder, that the Organisation produced them at a stage in the proceedings when it was no longer possible for him to respond to them. However, while it is certainly regrettable that the Organisation acted in this manner when it would clearly have been possible for it to submit those documents when it filed its reply, the adversarial nature of the proceedings before the Tribunal was nonetheless respected, since the complainant was specifically authorised to present additional submissions in order to be able to make his observations thereon.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; further material; surrejoinder;



  • Judgment 4408


    132nd Session, 2021
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant disputes the lawfulness and outcome of a competition procedure in which she participated.

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    The Tribunal points out that respect for the adversarial principle and the right to be heard in the internal appeal procedure requires that the official concerned be afforded the opportunity to comment on all relevant issues relating to the contested decision and, in particular, on all the organisationís arguments (see Judgment 2598, consideration 6).
    In this case, the Tribunal notes that, while the members of the Appeal Board met with the acting Chief of the Human Resources Management Department on 21 July 2017, it was only so that they could understand the ITUís recruitment procedure. The meeting was thus merely an investigative measure, the purpose of which was to enable the Board to obtain information on the recruitment of officials in general, and not an interview relating specifically to the competition procedure at issue. Therefore, contrary to what the complainant submits, it was not a hearing where she was required to be present or where the content of the discussion had to be disclosed. Consequently, the plea regarding a breach of the adversarial principle and the right to be heard in the internal appeal procedure must be dismissed.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2598

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; internal appeal; internal appeals body;



  • Judgment 4310


    130th Session, 2020
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges the decision to apply the sanction of summary dismissal to him.

    Consideration 10

    Extract:

    [T]he ILO argues that the adversarial principle was duly observed, having regard to the procedure as a whole. It submits that the complainant must have been aware of the content of the investigation report of January 2015 and the allegations made against him, as one of the investigators had explained to him that a report would be compiled on the basis of the interview he had just held with him. During that interview, the complainant was given ample opportunity to respond to the allegations made against him. Furthermore, it submits that the complainant was given the opportunity to provide additional information when he was invited to submit his observations on the proposal for a sanction, which he did. The ILO hence concludes that the complainant exercised his right to be heard on several occasions during the procedure and, in any case, before the final decision to impose a sanction was taken.
    However, the fact that the complainant was interviewed during an investigation into certain events and had the opportunity to answer questions relating to those events does not, as the Organization suggests, imply that he was aware of the content of the investigation report subsequently drawn up on the basis of that interview, or of the allegations ultimately upheld by the IAO and the reasons why they were upheld.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; due process in disciplinary procedure; procedural rights during investigation;



  • Judgment 4111


    127th Session, 2019
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant, a former official of the ILO, alleges that he was subjected to harassment and that the investigation into his allegations of harassment was flawed.

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    [S]ince some of the statements gathered by the investigator were neither recorded nor summarized as such in the investigation report or the annexes thereto, the complainant was unable to respond to them in the comments that he was invited to submit to HRD concerning the report. Nor was he able to verify whether the investigator, in her report, had correctly interpreted the statements of which no minutes were taken. According to the Tribunalís case law, a complainant must have the opportunity to see the statements gathered in order to challenge or rectify them, if necessary by furnishing evidence (see Judgments 3065, consideration 8, and 3617, consideration 12). This did not occur in this case with regard to the unrecorded statements.
    The Tribunal therefore considers that, in these circumstances, the adversarial principle was disregarded. This plea is well founded.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 3065, 3617

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; due process; duty to inform; evidence; procedural flaw; report; right to be heard; testimony;

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    The parties do not dispute that the complainant had requested that a number of witnesses be heard, including his former supervisor [...], which was refused. [...] Any administrative decision, even when the authority exercises discretionary power, must be based on valid grounds. In this case, the refusal, without valid grounds, to hear witnesses with regard to the complainantís allegations constitutes a breach of due process.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; breach; due process; harassment; inquiry; investigation; right to be heard;



  • Judgment 4110


    127th Session, 2019
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant, a former official of the ILO, alleges that he was subjected to harassment and that the investigation into his allegations of harassment was flawed.

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    [S]ince some of the statements gathered by the investigator were neither recorded nor summarized as such in the investigation report or the annexes thereto, the complainant was unable to respond to them in the comments that he was invited to submit to HRD concerning the report. Nor was he able to verify whether the investigator, in her report, had correctly interpreted the statements of which no minutes were taken. According to the Tribunalís case law, a complainant must have the opportunity to see the statements gathered in order to challenge or rectify them, if necessary by furnishing evidence (see Judgments 3065, consideration 8, and 3617, consideration 12). This did not occur in this case with regard to the unrecorded statements.
    The Tribunal therefore considers that, in these circumstances, the adversarial principle was disregarded.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 3065, 3617

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; due process; duty to inform; evidence; inquiry; investigation; right to be heard; testimony;

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    The parties do not dispute that the complainant had requested that the colleagues who had also filed a harassment grievance be heard as witnesses, which was refused. [...] In the present case, the refusal, without valid grounds, to hear witnesses with regard to the complainantís allegations constitutes a breach of due process.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; due process; evidence; harassment; inquiry; investigation; right to be heard; testimony; witness;



  • Judgment 4109


    127th Session, 2019
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant, a former official of the ILO, alleges that she was subjected to harassment and that the investigation into her allegations of harassment was flawed.

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    The parties do not dispute that the complainant had requested that the colleagues who had also filed a harassment grievance be heard as witnesses, which was refused. [...] In this case, the refusal, without valid grounds, to hear witnesses with regard to the complainantís allegations constitutes a breach of due process.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; breach; due process; harassment; inquiry; investigation; right to be heard;

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    [S]ince some of the statements gathered by the investigator were neither recorded nor summarized as such in the investigation report or the annexes thereto, the complainant was unable to respond to them in the comments that she was invited to submit to HRD concerning the report. Nor was she able to verify whether the investigator, in her report, had correctly interpreted the statements of which no minutes were taken. According to the Tribunalís case law, a complainant must have the opportunity to see the statements gathered in order to challenge or rectify them, if necessary by furnishing evidence (see Judgments 3065, consideration 8, and 3617, consideration 12). This did not occur in this case with regard to the unrecorded statements.
    The Tribunal therefore considers that, in these circumstances, the adversarial principle was disregarded.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 3065, 3617

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; due process; duty to inform; evidence; procedural flaw; report; right to be heard; testimony;



  • Judgment 4108


    127th Session, 2019
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant, a former official of the ILO, alleges that she was subjected to harassment and that the investigation into her allegations of harassment was flawed.

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    The parties do not dispute that the complainant had requested that the colleagues who had also filed a harassment grievance be heard as witnesses, which was refused. [...] In this case, the refusal, without valid grounds, to hear witnesses with regard to the complainantís allegations constitutes a breach of due process.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; due process; harassment; inquiry; investigation; testimony;

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    [S]ince some of the statements gathered by the investigator were neither recorded nor summarized as such in the investigation report or the annexes thereto, the complainant was unable to respond to them in the comments that she was invited to submit to HRD concerning the report. Nor was she able to verify whether the investigator, in her report, had correctly interpreted the statements of which no minutes were taken. According to the Tribunalís case law, a complainant must have the opportunity to see the statements gathered in order to challenge or rectify them, if necessary by furnishing evidence (see Judgments 3065, consideration 8, and 3617, consideration 12). This did not occur in this case with regard to the unrecorded statements.
    The Tribunal therefore considers that, in these circumstances, the adversarial principle was disregarded.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 3065, 3617

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; due process; duty to inform; evidence; inquiry; investigation; procedural flaw; right to be heard; testimony;



  • Judgment 4101


    127th Session, 2019
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant, who alleges that he was subjected to moral harassment, challenges the refusal to extend his special leave without pay and to grant him certain accommodations with regard to his working arrangements.

    Consideration 16

    Extract:

    [T]he Director of the Centre was not obliged to refer the matter to a Commission of Inquiry. Paragraph 22 of Circular No. 13/2009 expressly provides that the Director may close the file ďif the accusations of the alleged victim are insufficiently well foundedĒ. In that case, her only obligation was to respond point by point to the complainantís allegations. Considering the nature of the allegations and the answers given, the Director was not required to provide any further justification to the complainant (see Judgment 3149, consideration 17). The sole purpose of the preliminary assessment of such a complaint is to determine whether there are grounds for opening an investigation (see Judgment 3640, consideration 5). In the absence of a contrary provision, the adversarial principle did not need to be applied at this preliminary stage of the procedure for opening a harassment investigation.

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 3149, 3640

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; harassment; inquiry; investigation; motivation; motivation of final decision;



  • Judgment 4077


    127th Session, 2019
    Universal Postal Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The UPU applies for interpretation and review of Judgment 3928 alleging errors of fact, inter alia, and asserts that it is impossible to give effect to the Tribunalís order to reinstate the complainant. The complainant applies for execution of Judgment 3928.

    Consideration 25

    Extract:

    [T]he [organization] could not refer to the complainantís alleged misconduct as a reason not to reinstate him as no disciplinary proceeding has occurred in that regard, so misconduct has never been proven. It is all the more grave when considering that the alleged reason for the abolition of the posts was because of financial constraints. The abolition of a post can never be based on a staff memberís conduct, as that would constitute a hidden sanction. The [organization]ís presentation before the Council of Administration constituted a breach of the duty of care and of the adversarial principle, as the complainant was not given any opportunity to defend himself and his reputation from the allegations. The UPU must respect the dignity of its staff and preserve their reputation.

    Keywords:

    abolition of post; adversarial proceedings; budgetary reasons; due process; duty of care; hidden disciplinary measure; misconduct; reinstatement;



  • Judgment 4005


    126th Session, 2018
    International Criminal Court
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges the decision to dismiss her complaint of harassment.

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    In support of her position, the complainant relies on the Tribunalís statement that ď[a] fundamental principle of the adversarial process is the right to know and have an opportunity to respond to the evidence adduced by the opposing partyĒ (see Judgment 3216, consideration 6), and that the non-disclosure of evidence in the absence of a reason in law ďconstitutes a serious breach of the complainantís right to procedural fairnessĒ (see Judgment 3264, consideration 16). The Tribunalís case law also relevantly states that ď[a] staff member must, as a general rule, have access to all evidence on which the authority bases (or intends to base) its decision against [her or] himĒ (see Judgment 2700, consideration 6).

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2700, 3216, 3264

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; disclosure of evidence; due process;



  • Judgment 3948


    125th Session, 2018
    International Organization for Migration
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant impugns the decision not to renew her fixed-term contract.

    Consideration 10

    Extract:

    The Tribunal [...] considers that IOM should have disclosed to the JARB the documents that it had in its possession, as they could have assisted it to determine whether the reason given for not renewing the complainantís contract, budgetary constraints, was a valid and objective reason. The documents, appropriately redacted, should also have been disclosed to the complainant. Having not disclosed them, IOM breached due process as well as its duty of care to the complainant.
    The rationale for the latter determination can be gleaned from the statements in Judgment 3586, considerations 16 to 20, which may be summarized as follows: in keeping with consistent case law of the Tribunal, a staff member of an international organization must, as a general rule, have access to all evidence on which an authority bases or intends to base its decision against her or him. In normal circumstances such evidence, which is peculiarly in the organizationís control, cannot be withheld on grounds of confidentiality unless there is some special case in which a higher interest stands in the way of the disclosure of certain documents. However, such disclosure may not be refused merely in order to strengthen the position of the Administration or one of its officers. The principle of equality of arms must be observed by ensuring that all parties to a case are provided with all of the materials used by an internal adjudicating body, the JARB in this case. The failure to disclose them constitutes a breach of due process, as it would render its examination of the case incomplete and prevent it from properly considering the facts. This would not only violate due process but also the organizationís duty of care causing the impugned decision to be set aside.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; confidential evidence; duty of care;



  • Judgment 3944


    125th Session, 2018
    World Intellectual Property Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR
    Summary: The complainant challenges the decision to dismiss him following disciplinary proceedings.

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    The Tribunal considers that the sole purpose of the preliminary investigation is to determine whether there are grounds for initiating disciplinary action.

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; disciplinary procedure; inquiry; investigation;

    Consideration 10

    Extract:

    [T]he Tribunal considers that in any case, even if the complainant did not attend the witnessesí interviews, his right to be heard was not breached, since he was informed of the content of their testimony and given an opportunity to comment on it when he received the charge letter of 28 February 2014 (see, for a similar case, Judgment 3640, under 20).

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 3640

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; disciplinary procedure; testimony;

1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | next >


 
Last updated: 12.04.2024 ^ top