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Country: Turkey - Subject: General provisions

  1. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 5252 of 4 November 2004 for the enforcement and application of the Turkish Criminal Code.

    Adoption: 2004-11-04 | Date of entry into force: 2005-04-01 | Date of partial entry into force: 2004-11-04 | TUR-2004-L-70342

    Contains general provisions concerning the principles and procedures for an effective application of the Code.
    Also amends various acts.

  2. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    New Turkish Criminal Code No. 5237 dated 26.09.2004. (Türk Ceza Kanunu) - Unofficial English translation Unofficial English translation Gazette in Turkish

    Adoption: 2004-09-26 | Date of entry into force: 2005-06-01 | Date of gradual entry into force: 2006-10-12 | Date of gradual entry into force: 2004-10-12 | TUR-2004-L-77393

    It is divided into two books: General Provisions (which is divided into three parts: 1.basic principals, definitions and scope;2. Principals on penal liability;3. Sanctions) and Special Provisions (divided into four parts: 1. International crimes;2. Crimes againts persons; 3. Crimes againts society; 4. Crimes againts Nation and State, and final provisions.)

  3. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 5233 on the Compensation of Damages that Occurred due to Terror and the Fight against Terror. (Terör ve Terörle Mücadeleden Doğan Zararların Karşılanması Hakkında Kanun) - Unofficial English translation Gazette in Turkish

    Adoption: 2004-07-17 | TUR-2004-L-85852

    The objective of this law is to lay down the principles and procedures for the compensation of material damages suffered by persons due to terrorist acts or activities undertaken during the fight against terror.

  4. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 5218 of 14 July 2004 to amend the Turkish Criminal Code.

    Adoption: 2004-06-30 | Date of entry into force: 2004-06-30 | Date of partial entry into force: 2005-01-01 | TUR-2004-L-70398

    Amends various articles.

  5. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 5190 of 16 June 2004 to amend the Act on the reasoning to adopt a penal judgment, and to abolish State Security Courts.

    Adoption: 2004-06-16 | Date of entry into force: 2004-06-30 | TUR-2004-L-70368

    Amends the Act No. 1412 of 4 April 1929 on the reasoning to adopt a penal judgment and adds a new paragraph to article 394.
    Repeals the Act No. 2845 of 16 June 1983 on State Security Courts.

  6. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act amending certain articles of the Turkish Constitution.

    Adoption: 2004-05-07 | TUR-2004-L-68453

    Provides that women and men shall have equal rights and that it shall be the responsibility of the State to ensure equality (new paragraph in article 10).

    Makes provision for freedom of the press as well as the abolition of death penalty (art. 30, art.15, art. 17, art. 38 and art. 87).

    Amends also article 90 concerning matters dealt with by international treaties.

  7. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 5136 of 20 April 2004 to amend several provisions of the Commercial Act.

    Adoption: 2004-04-20 | Date of entry into force: 2004-04-28 | TUR-2004-L-69715

    Amends several sections of the Commercial Act No. 6762 of 1956 relating to maritime questions.

  8. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 5106 of 4 March 2004 adding a temporary provision to the Criminal Code.

    Adoption: 2004-03-04 | Date of entry into force: 2004-03-13 | TUR-2004-L-69719

    Amends the Criminal Code No. 765 of 1926 by adding a provision concerning crimes committed before 31 December 1987.

  9. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4982 of 9 October 2003 on the right to information. (Bilgi Edinme Hakkı Kanunu) - Unofficial English translation Gazette in Turkish

    Adoption: 2003-10-09 | Date of entry into force: 2004-04-24 | TUR-2003-L-65889

    Provides for means of information and document disclosure by public establishments. Applies to foreigners living in Turkey and to legal persons with an activity in Turkey. Also deals with the procedure to ask for information and the limitations to their disclosure (State secrets, private data).

  10. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4884 of 11 June 2003 to amend the Act on commerce, the Act on tax procedure, the Act on stamp tax, the Labour Act and the Act on social insurance.

    Adoption: 2003-06-11 | Date of entry into force: 2003-06-17 | TUR-2003-L-64459

    Sections 10 amends section 3 of the Labour Act on the deadline for the inscription of societies to the Trade Registry (one month), and Section 11 amends section 8 of the Act on social insurance on the inscription of new societies to the Trade Registry and their declaration to social security.

  11. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4884 dated 11.06.2003 to amend Turkish Commercial Act, Tax Procedure Act, Stamp Duty Act, Labour Act and Social Insurance Act. - Resmî Gazete on-line (in Turkish)

    Adoption: 2003-06-11 | Date of entry into force: 2003-06-17 | TUR-2003-L-77386

    It amends Articles 69 paragraph 1 (concerning the obligation of certification and declaration), 273 (concerning the authorization to be obtained by the state for the establishment), 386 (concerning publication and notification), 510 paragraph 1 (concerning the registration) of the Turkish Commercial Act No. 6762 dated 29.06.1956.
    It also repeals paragraph 1 of Article 509, paragraph 3 of Article 510 and Article 514 of the Turkish Commercial Act No. 6762 dated 29.06.1956.

    It adds a sentence to Article 3, after paragraph 2 (concerning the declaration of establishments and in particular the formalities to be undertaken towards the Ministry of Labour and Social Security) of Labour Act No. 4857 of 22 May 2003.

    It adds a provision following Article 8, paragraph 1 (concerning the notification of workplaces and in particular the declaration of insured persons and the penalty to be applied in case of non-respect of this obligation in line with Article 140(a) of this Act) of Social Insurance Act No. 506 dated 17.07.1964.

  12. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4875 of 5 June 2003 on Direct Foreign Investment.

    Adoption: 2003-06-05 | Date of entry into force: 2003-06-17 | TUR-2003-L-64460

    Repeals the Act No. 6224 of 1954 on Foreign Capital Incentives and submits to the new act all existing companies established under the Act No. 6224.

  13. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4866 of 4 June 2003 to amend the Act No. 403 of 11 February 1964 on Turkish nationality.

    Adoption: 2003-06-04 | Date of entry into force: 2003-06-12 | TUR-2003-L-64456

    Amends sections 5, 8, 20, 29, 32 and 42 relating to the acquisition of Turkish nationality by the spouse of a Turkish citizen and the renouncement to Turkish nationality by a child of a Turkish citizen.

  14. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4862 of 28 May 2003 to amend the Act No. 403 of 11 February 1964 on Turkish nationality.

    Adoption: 2003-05-28 | Date of entry into force: 2003-06-03 | TUR-2003-L-64455

    Provides that the citizens of North Cyprus who apply for it automatically receive Turkish nationality.

  15. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Labour Act No. 4857 of 22 May 2003. - English translation

    Adoption: 2003-05-22 | Date of entry into force: 2003-06-10 | TUR-2003-L-64083

    New Labour Act replacing the former one from 1971. Contains 122 sections amending main labour concepts of employer, employment relation, sub-contractor and temporary employment. Also deals with various types of labour contract according to job duration, and with conditions of termination of employment. Incorporates the principle of equality of treatment which was previously regulated under the Constitution. Also deals with wages, work organisation, work duration, occupational health and safety, placement, labour inspection and administrative sanctions. Unofficial English translation.

  16. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4806 of 5 February 2003 to amend the Criminal Code and the Act on prison administration.

    Adoption: 2003-02-05 | TUR-2003-L-63981

    Amends sections of the Criminal Code relating to possession and use of arms and of the Act on prison administration relating to the necessity to feed prisoners according to their needs and the care to be given in the event of hunger strike. Provides for severe sanctions for persons visiting prisoners and encouraging them to go on hunger strike.

  17. Turkey - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decision No. 2003/5226 of 4 February 2003 on expenses for the reception of refugees and emigrants.

    Adoption: 2003-02-04 | TUR-2003-R-63982

    Regulates various administrative procedures to meet the demands that could not be met by the Red Cross and other foundations.

  18. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4778 to amend several Acts. - Resmî Gazete on-line (in Turkish)

    Adoption: 2003-01-02 | Date of entry into force: 2003-01-11 | TUR-2003-L-77324

    It amends Articles 91 and 92 of Civil Code No. 4721 dated 22.11.2001 (concerning associations).

  19. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act amending various Acts (No. 4771 of 2002).

    Adoption: 2002-08-03 | TUR-2002-L-68377

    Inter alia provides for change of death penalties for certain crimes into life sentences. Provides for prevention of human trafficking and migrant smuggling. Also makes provision for activities in Turkey of associations founded abroad. Further, deals with sentences of European Court of Human Rights following violation of Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and provides for several additional matters.

    Amends the Criminal Code, Law No. 2908 on Associations, Law No. 2762 on Foundations, Law No. 2911 on Meetings and Demonstration Marches, Law No. 1086 on Legal Principle Adjucation, Criminal Procedural Law No. 1412, Press Law No. 5680, Law No. 2559 on Police Duties and Powers, Law No. 2923 on Education and Training in Foreign Languages.

  20. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4758 of 21 May 2002 to amend the Act of 21 December 2000 and the Act No. 4616 of 23 April 1999 on sentence reductions and releases.

    Adoption: 2002-05-21 | Date of entry into force: 2002-05-23 | TUR-2002-L-62778

    Provides for sentence reductions under certain conditions.

  21. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4744 of 6 February 2002 to amend several acts.

    Adoption: 2002-02-06 | Date of entry into force: 2002-02-19 | TUR-2002-L-62779

    Provides for modification of prison sentences and fines for terrorism and secessionist propaganda (inter alia, Act No. 765 of 1 March 1926 on the Turkish Penal Code and Act No. 3713 of 12 April 1991 on the struggle against terrorism).

  22. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4722 of 3 December 2001 for the implementation of the Civil Code.

    Adoption: 2001-12-03 | Date of entry into force: 2001-12-07 | TUR-2001-L-61758

    Repeals the Act No. 864 of 29 May 1926.

  23. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4721 of 22 November 2001 to approve the Civil Code.

    Adoption: 2001-11-22 | Date of entry into force: 2002-01-01 | TUR-2001-L-61757

    Repeals the Civil Code of 1926.

  24. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4709 of 3 October 2001 to amend several articles of the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey.

    Adoption: 2001-10-03 | Date of entry into force: 2001-10-15 | TUR-2001-L-61721

  25. Turkey - General provisions - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Programme for the year 2002.

    Adoption: 2001 | TUR-2001-M-61731

    Chapter VII deals with social and economic fields and contains provisions on the development of human resources, education, health, youth, women, family, employment and social security.

  26. Turkey - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations concerning the administration of penitentiaries and detention centres and the execution of sentences.

    Adoption: 2000-10 | TUR-2000-R-57686

    Comprehensive legislation on administration of penitenciaries and detention centres. Makes provision for determination of the type of work which convicts are required to perform, purpose of work in the institution, compulsory nature of the work and its scope, and persons who cannot be employed for health reasons. Also provides for work in places of employment in the public and private sectors, working time, work programme, practical training periods, determination of amount of work, reporting of work performed each day, internal services, daily wages, bonuses, work cards, family assistance, and several related matters.

  27. Turkey - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulation concerning the employment of ex-convicts.

    Adoption: 2000-04-06 | Date of entry into force: 2000-04-06 | TUR-2000-R-57166

    Amends ss. 7 and 11 of the Regulation concerning competitive examinations for the public service. Ex-convicts must have at least a college degree for employment in the public service.

  28. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 4445 of 12 August 1999 amending Act No. 2820 of 22 April 1999 concerning political parties.

    Adoption: 1999-08-13 | TUR-1999-L-55516

    Stipulates that members of the Ministry of Justice (including judges), members of the Armed Forces, and young students shall not be members of a political party. The Act introduces new sections concerning the financing and commercial activities of political parties.

  29. Turkey - General provisions - Constitution

    Act No. 4446 of 13 August 1999 amending Articles 47, 125 and 155 of the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey.

    Adoption: 1999-08-13 | Date of entry into force: 1999-08-14 | TUR-1999-C-55517

    Amends articles 47 (rules regarding privatization of enterprises), 125 (arbitration regarding public services), and 155 (settlement of administrative cases).

  30. Turkey - General provisions - Constitution

    Act No. 4388 of 18 June 1999 concerning the amendment of Article 143 of the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey.

    Adoption: 1999-06-18 | Date of entry into force: 1999-06-18 | TUR-1999-C-55518

    Provides for an amendment regarding the composition of the State Security Court, which shall no longer include military judges.

  31. Turkey - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 99/12474 of 19 February 1999 concerning State financial assistance for small and medium entreprises.

    Adoption: 1999-02-19 | TUR-1999-R-52394

  32. Turkey - General provisions - Constitution

    Act No. 4121 of 23 July 1995 amending the preamble and certain articles of Act No. 2709 of 7 November 1982 concerning the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey.

    Adoption: 1995-07-23 | Date of entry into force: 1995-07-26 | TUR-1995-C-42905

    Provides trade unions with the right to appeal to judicial authorities and to take part in collective negotiations with the administration. Determines the procedure to be followed in the signing of collective conventions. Abrogates Article 52 which forbids the trade unions from engaging in political activities.

  33. Turkey - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decision No. 95/13 of 25 April 1995 of the Organization of High Planning concerning the strategy of the seventh five year recovery scheme.

    Adoption: 1995-04-25 | TUR-1995-R-44682

    Within the scope of the titles from III to V, provisions relating to education, health , family planning, as well as to labour market and unemployment are contained. The question of increasing the efficiency of public services and the labour market in general is contemplated. The question of sanitary reform is also addressed.

  34. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 3741 amending and completing Act No. 507 of 17 July 1964 on craft work and small industries.

    Adoption: 1991-05-14 | TUR-1991-L-26331

    The amendments and the new articles concern associations of craftsmen and small industries, the functioning of such associations, professional training and the financing of such training.

  35. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 3713 on the Fight Against Terrorism. - Unofficial English translation

    Adoption: 1991-04-12 | TUR-1991-L-22104

    Aims to aggravate the terms of imprisonment and punishments applicable to terrorists, to journalists who publish declarations emanating from terrorist organizations, to people who propogate against the unity of the state and to people and institutions that provide assistance to terrorist organizations. Establishes the applicable penal procedure, methods for the execution of punishments and the principles for conditinal release. Foresees measures of protection in favour of people charged charged with the struggle against terrorism or those who participate (informers). Contains temporary provisions. The first one among these commutes capital punishment sanctioning crimes committed before 8 April 1991 to ten years of imprisonment. Abrogates Article 2 on freedom of conscience and association, Articles 140, 141, 142, 163 of the Penal Code, Article 5 (7) and (8) and Article 6 (2) of Act No. 2908 on trade unions, Act No. 2932 on publications in a language other than Turkish.

  36. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 3218 on Free Trade Zones.

    Adoption: 1985-06-06 | Date of entry into force: 1985-06-15 | TUR-1985-L-52027

    S. 10 applies labour legislation, including social security regulations, in the free trade zones. Repeals Free Trade Zones Act No. 6209 of 1953. Available in English.

  37. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    State of Emergency Act, 1983 (No. 2935).

    Adoption: 1983-10-25 | TUR-1983-L-61153

    Regulates proclamation of state of emergency and measures to be implemented in state of emergency. State of emergency may be proclaimed in the event of natural disasters, dangerous epidemic diseases, serious economic crises, widespread acts of violence, and serious deterioration of public order. Part II specifies obligations and measures to be taken. These include labour obligations for all citizens between 18 and 60 years of age.

  38. Turkey - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations pertaining to the employment of convicts detained in penitentiary institutions at places of employment outside those prisons (No. 83/7041).

    Adoption: 1983-08-26 | TUR-1983-R-61014

    Regulates principles of employment of prisoners. Section 8 establishes that prisoners to whom principles laid down in Section 7 do not apply, or whose "good conduct" has been issued, shall be employed at places of employment outside the prison under gendarmerie guard. Section 9 sets forth right of prisoners to receive wages. Sections 10-14 makes provision for work protocol.

  39. Turkey - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations pertaining to employment of convicts detained in penal institutions at places of employment outside those prisons (83/7041).

    Adoption: 1983-08-26 | TUR-1983-R-61152

    Provides for employment of convicts detained in penal institutions. Applies to convicts who are serving sentences which have become final in penal institutions under the authority of the Ministry of Justice in places of employment in the public and private sectors outside those prisons. Sets forth obligation for convicts to work, with exception of remand prisoners, prisoners remanded by court decision, prisoners having received the death sentence, and convicts who have been issued a medical certificate stating that they cannot work. Establishes requirement for public institutions to employ convicts. Regulates supervision by prison personnel, payment of wages, as well as accomodation, nutrition and safety of prisoners.

  40. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Political Parties Act (extracts), 1983 (No. 2820).

    Adoption: 1983-04-22 | TUR-1983-L-61835

    Governs establishment and activities of political parties. Sections 3 and 4 set forth prohibitions of certain activities. Parties shall not pursue the aim of changing the secular nature of the Republic, or engage in religious propaganda and demonstrations. Internal proceedings of political parties must comply with principles of democracy, and parties shall not create uniforms for their members or staff. Section 5 regulates compulsory dissolution of political parties; Section 6 voluntary dissolution of political parties. Section 7 contains penal provisions.

  41. Turkey - General provisions - Constitution

    Act No. 2709, the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey. - English translation Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1982-11-07 | Date of entry into force: 1982-11-09 | TUR-1982-C-39950

    Chapter III concerns economic and social rights and obligations:right to education, right to free choice of employment, right to rest, right to social security etc. It also comprises provisions concerning the freedom of association (workers' and employers' right to organise with the purpose of promoting their interests), trade union activities (Article 52), collective bargaining (Article 53) and the right to strike and lock-out (Article 54). Provides that minors, women and disabled should benefit from additional protection with respect to their conditions of work. Includes particular provisions concerning Turkish nationals working abroad.

  42. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act No. 2457 of 8 May 1981 amending Article 20 of the Maritime Labour Act No. 854 of 20 April 1967 and Article 14 of the Labour Act No. 1474 and inserting a new paragraph in this article.

    Adoption: 1981-05-05 | TUR-1981-L-10997

  43. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act 2320 of 17 October 1980 amending Labour Act No. 1475 of 25 August 1971 amended by Act No. 1927 of 4 July 1975 by inserting a new paragraph to Article 98 and amending paragraph 7 of Article 25 of the Income Tax Act No. 193 amended by Act No. 1927 and abrogating Article 6 of Act No. 1927.

    Adoption: 1980-10-17 | TUR-1980-L-11773

  44. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Labour Act. No. 1475.

    Adoption: 1971-08-25 | TUR-1971-L-16999

    Available in English.

  45. Turkey - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations pertaining to the administration of penitentiaries and detention centres and to the execution of sentences (No. 6/8517).

    Adoption: 1967-07-05 | TUR-1967-R-61015

    Section 198 sets forth obligation of convicts and remand prisoners to work in the institution in which they have been placed. Determines which regulations apply to prison work. Provides for the setting up of work teams in areas such as agriculture, fishing, mining, construction, and forestry. Establishes obligation of public institutions to employ convicts in their respective field of work. Convicts in low-security and medium-security prisons, as well as convicts in maximum-security prisons who have demonstrated good conduct for at at least one-fourth of their term, shall take part in work in teams.

  46. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Enforcement of Sentences Act. Extracts (No. 647).

    Adoption: 1965-07-13 | TUR-1965-L-61013

    Section 1 establishes different types of sentences: death, restriction of personal liberty, and fines. Section 2 provides for enforcement of death penalty. Section 17 sets forth obligation of prisoners to work, and regulates its modalities. Prisoners and convicts shall be paid wages to be determined by Ministry of Justice. Ministry of Justice may set up work crews in field of work such as agriculture, fishery, construction, mining and forestry. Public insitutions employing workers shall be required to employ convicts in their respective field of work. Convicts detained in low and medium security prisons, as well as those convicts in maximum-security prisons who have demonstrated good conduct for at leat one-fourth of their prison sentence, shall participate in work crews.

  47. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Labour Courts Act No. 5521 of 30 January 1950. (İş Mahkemeleri Kanunu) - Gazette in Turkish Law in Turkish

    Adoption: 1950-01-30 | Date of entry into force: 1950-02-04 | TUR-1950-L-70498

    Determines the competence, seat, organisation and composition of labour courts, and defines the procedure rules followed to settle labour and social disputes.

  48. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Turkish Criminal Code (Act No. 765).

    Adoption: 1926-03-01 | TUR-1926-L-62099

    Divided into 3 parts. First Part contains general provisions. Second part deals with different types of serious crime. Chapter 1 provides for crimes against the State, Chapter 2 for crimes against basic rights, Chapter 3 for crimes against public administration, Chapter 4 for crimes against administration of justice, Chapter 5 for crimes against public order, Chapter 6 for crimes against public trust, Chapter 7 for crimes against public safety, Chapter 8 for crimes against public morals and the family, Chapter 9 for crimes against persons, Chapter 10 for crimes against private property, and Chapter 11 for crimes in the area of information technology. Part III deals with minor offences. Available in English, as amended up to June 1964, and in German as amended up to January 2001.

  49. Turkey - General provisions - Law, Act

    Village Affairs Act (No. 442).

    Adoption: 1924-03-18 | TUR-1924-L-61016

    Defines terms "village", "town" and "city". Regulates drawing of boundaries between villages, as well as settelement of disputes in case of contested boundaries. Also provides for rights and powers of village leader.

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