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Iraq > Constitutional law

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Country: Iraq - Subject: Constitutional law

  1. Iraq - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Law No. 36 of 2015 on Political Parties. - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2015-10-12 | Date of entry into force: 2015-12-12 | IRQ-2015-L-102986

    Repeals Law No. 30 of 1991 on Political Parties.

  2. Iraq - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Constitution of the Republic of Iraq, 2005. - Unofficial English translation Text in Arab

    Adoption: 2005-08-22 | IRQ-2005-C-73414

    The Constitution was adopted by popular referendum on October 15, 2005. Section one deals with fundamental principles. Article one proclaims the Republic of Iraq is a "single, independent federal State with full sovereignty. Its system of government is republican and representative (parliamentary) and democratic". Islam is the official religion of the State and a fundamental source of legislation (art. 2). Section Two (arts. 14-44) provides for rights and liberties including civil and political rights as well as economic, social and cultural liberties (Chapter one). Article 14 provides that all Iraqis are equal before the law without discrimination based on gender, race, ethnicity, origin, colour, religion, creed, belief or opinion or economic and social status. Art. 16 guarantees equal opportunities for all Iraqis. Art. 22 provides that work is a right for all Iraqis and guarantees the right to form or join a professional association and union. Section Three sets out federal powers, Section Four powers of the federal government, Section Five powers of the region and Section Six the final and transitional provisions.

  3. Iraq - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Law of 8 March 2004 on the Administration of Iraq during the Transitional Period. - English translation

    Adoption: 2004-03-08 | IRQ-2004-C-66560

  4. Iraq - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Iraqi Interim Constitution.

    Adoption: 1970-07-16 | IRQ-1970-C-42152

    Promulgated by the Revolutionary Command Council. Chapter I defines the Republic of Iraq, establishing Islam as the religion of the State (Art. 4). Art. 5 defines Iraq as an Arab nation, but composed of Arab nationalism and Kurdish nationalism. The Kurdish language is official in the Kurdish region (Art. 7). Chapter II outlines the social and economic foundations of the Iraqi Republic, including the guarantee of private property (Art. 16). The State assumes the responsibility for planning, directing and steering the national economy and establishing a socialist system (Art. 12). Chapter III provides for fundamental rights and duties, including: equality before law without discrimination due to sex, blood, language, social origin and religion (Art. 19); freedom from torture (Art. 22); freedom of opinion, expression, press and assembly (Art. 25); and the right to work (Art. 32). Chapter IV outlines the structure of the government, defining the Revolutionary Command Council as the supreme insitution of the State. It further provides for a National Council, President, and Vice-President. A judiciary is provided for in Section IV of the Chapter, although no specific institutions are established.

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