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Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation

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Country: Belarus

  1. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 19 November 1993 on children's rights.

    Adoption: 1993-11-19 | BLR-1993-L-55876

    Contains provisions relating, inter alia, to health protection, education and child labour. Available in English.

  2. Belarus - - International agreement

    Agreement of 24 September 1993 on creation of inter-State Euroasian community of coal and metal. (Text No. 517)

    Adoption: 1993-09-24 | BLR-1993-IA-45717

    Establishes bases of cooperation with common goals, common market and common institutions for the countries which are part of the agreement (Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tadjikistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, and Georgia). Provides for the Community's structures, activities aims, legal status, composition of directive bodies, properties and finances, and procedure for termination of activity. Ratified by Decree No. 304 of 17 May 1996.

  3. Belarus - - International agreement

    Agreement of 24 September 1993 on assistance to refugees and exiled persons in necessity (Text No. 381).

    Adoption: 1993-09-24 | BLR-1993-IA-48296

    Provides for obligations of both the State of exit and the State of entry towards refugees. Also sets forth the creation of an Inter-State Assistance Fund.

  4. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulation No. 544 on the State Migration Department.

    Adoption: 1993-08-13 | BLR-1993-R-39797

    This Department is in charge of the elaboration and the implementation of the national migration policy. Its main tasks are to conclude international agreements, to regulate migration flow and use of foreign manpower, to draft legislation, etc. It is under the authority of the State Committee for Labour and Social Protection and has an autonomous budget.

  5. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Supreme Soviet No. 2436-XII of 18 June 1993 on the entry into force of the Act on Health Protection.

    Adoption: 1993-06-18 | Date of gradual entry into force: 1994-01-01 | BLR-1993-R-34320

    Decree on the entry into force of the Act on health protection of 1970 as amended up to 1992. The following provisions of the Act on Health Protection 1970-1991 ( Code of Laws) are repealed: Code of Laws 1970, No. 17, clause 220 Code of Laws 1973, No. 23, Clause 376 Code of Laws 1974, No. 31, clause 496 Code of Laws 1974, No. 36, clause 609 Code of Laws 1979, No. 24, Clause 387 Code of Laws 1984, No. 19, Clause 261 Code of Laws 1985, No. 2, clause 32 Code of Laws 1985, No. 32, clause 449 Code of Laws 1986, No. 28, clause 364 Code of Laws 1987, No. 16, Clause 200 Code of Laws 1987, No. 22, clause 282 Code of Laws 1987, No. 26, clause 336 Code of laws 1990, No. 22, Clause 451 Supreme Soviet Gazette 1991, No. 23, Clause 312

  6. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Law No. 2403-XII of June 15, 1993 of the Republic of Belarus on Fire Safety.

    Adoption: 1993-06-15 | BLR-1993-L-97526

  7. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Council of Ministers No. 382 of 11 June 1993 to amend the Decree of the Council of Ministers No. 253 of 28 June 19991 concerning the employment service.

    Adoption: 1993-06-11 | BLR-1993-R-34080

  8. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act No. 2339-XII concerning the legal status of foreigners and stateless persons, as last amended by Act No. 422-3 of 18 July 2000 (Consolidation).

    Adoption: 1993-06-03 | Date of entry into force: 1993-08-01 | BLR-1993-L-39795

    Exit from the territory can be forbidden when a lawsuit has been brought against the person who intends to leave. Provides for cases in which entry in Belarus can be refused. Foreigners have the same social and economic rights as nationals, if they are permanent residents. If neither forbidden nor reserved to nationals, any activity can be undertaken by foreigners if it corresponds to the purpose of their stay. Unless otherwise prescribed, migrant workers can join any union under the conditions generally set. Available in English.

  9. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 2 June 1993 on the procedure for exit from and entry into the Republic of Belarus by citizens of the Republic of Belarus.

    Adoption: 1993-06-02 | Date of entry into force: 1994-01-01 | BLR-1993-L-55590

  10. Belarus - - International agreement

    Accord entre la Confédération suisse et la République de Bélarus concernant la promotion et la protection réciproque des investissements, conclu le 28 mai 1993.

    Adoption: 1993-05-28 | Date of entry into force: 1994-07-13 | INT-1993-IA-53590

  11. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Council of Ministers No. 329 of 19 May 1993 to amend the Decree of the Council of Ministers No. 326 of 26 August 1991 on the organization of public works.

    Adoption: 1993-05-19 | BLR-1993-R-34079

  12. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decision of Supreme Soviet on economic situation, state and development of economic relations with countries of the Community of Independent States.

    Adoption: 1993-03-31 | BLR-1993-R-39441

  13. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act on patents for factory models.

    Adoption: 1993-02-05 | BLR-1993-L-39438

  14. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Patent Act.

    Adoption: 1993-02-05 | BLR-1993-L-39439

  15. Belarus - - International agreement

    Accord européen relatif au travail des équipages des véhicules effectuant des transports internationaux par route (AETR) dans sa version du 5 février 1993.

    Adoption: 1993-02-05 | Date of entry into force: 2000-10-04 | INT-1993-IA-64229

    Contient des dispositions relatives à l'âge minimum des conducteurs selon les véhicules, au temps de conduite, aux interruptions et au temps de repos. A été ratifié par l'arrêté fédéral du 8 octobre 1999. Contient en annexe les réserves formulées par certains Etats.

  16. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act to amend and to supplement the Act on enterprises.

    Adoption: 1993-01-27 | BLR-1993-L-39437

  17. Belarus - - International agreement

    Decision portant sur la Charte de la Communauté des Etats Indépendants.

    Adoption: 1993-01-22 | INT-1993-IA-34575

    Prévoit les buts et les principes animant le Communauté (économiques, sociaux, politiques, garantie des droits de l'homme etc). Contient des dispositions relatives à la sécurité collective ainsi qu'à la coopération militaire. Les Etats membres doivent prendre toutes les mesures afin d'éviter les conflits. Etablit les organes de la Communauté.

  18. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 17 December 1992 on freedom of religion and religious organisations, as amended up to 31 October 2002 (by Act No. 137-Z). - http://ncpi.gov.by/eng/

    Adoption: 1992-12-17 | BLR-1992-L-62758

    Contains provisions relating to the right to religious freedom, State and religion, education and religion, religious organisations in Belarus and their registration, their rights and conditions of activity, and regulation of labour relations within religious organisations. Unofficial English translation (as amended up to November 1999).

  19. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Labour Code, as amended to 15 December 1992.

    Adoption: 1992-12-15 | Date of entry into force: 1993-01-15 | BLR-1992-L-34229

    Amends and supplements the Labour Code adopted on 23 June 1972. Chapter I: General provisions Chapter II: Collective agreement Chapter III: Labour Contract Chapter IV: Hours of work Chapter V: Rest periods Chapter VI: Wages Chapter VII: Labour standards and piece rates Chapter VIII: Guarantees and compensations Chapter IX: Labour discipline Chapter X: Labour protection (safety and health) Chapter XI: Employment of women. Guarantees and benefits to families with children Chapter XII: Employment of young persons Chapter XIII: Benefits for workers combining work and training (education) Chapter XIV: Labour disputes Chapter XV: Trade unions. Participation of workers in management of enterprises, institutions and organizations Chapter XV-A: Labour collective of the enterprise Chapter XVI: State social insurance Chapter XVII: Supervision and control of compliance with labour legislation Chapter XVIII: Peculiarities of labour administration for specific categories of workers Unofficial English translation available Put into effect by Ordinance of the Supreme Soviet dated December 15, 1992.

  20. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 10 December 1992 on counteraction of monopolistic activities and promotion of competition.

    Adoption: 1992-12-10 | BLR-1992-L-59677

    Protects competition by prohibiting abuse of dominant market position, unfair business practices and anti-competitive mergers.

  21. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 24 November 1992 respecting Collective Agreements and Accords.

    Adoption: 1992-11-24 | BLR-1992-L-35159

    Contains 19 articles concerning collective agreements and accords which establish basic principles for their negotiation and conclusion. Unofficial English translation available.

  22. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act on the employment of the population, as amended to 24 November 1992.

    Adoption: 1992-11-24 | Date of entry into force: 1991-05-30 | BLR-1992-L-52508

  23. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 11 November 1992 on national minorities. - http://ncpi.gov.by/eng/

    Adoption: 1992-11-11 | Date of entry into force: 1992-11-11 | BLR-1992-L-55589

    Unofficial English translation available.

  24. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 3 November 1992 on Defence (Text No. 493), as amended to 17 July 2002 (by Act No. 129-Z).

    Adoption: 1992-11-03 | BLR-1992-L-62489

    Establishes bases and organization of Defense in Belarus, powers of the President of the Republic and State bodies, duties of organizations and citizens for the armed protection of the Republic of Belarus.

  25. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 30 October 1992 on State benefits for families raising children.

    Adoption: 1992-10-30 | Date of entry into force: 1993-01-01 | BLR-1992-L-40517

    Foreigners residing in the country have a right to family benefits providing that an international agreement between the Republic of Belarus and his home country has been entered into regarding that matter. Stateless persons residing in the country permanently have the same right.

  26. Belarus - - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Agreement of 14 May 1992 between the Council of Ministers, employers' organizations and the Council of the Federation of Trade Unions for 1992.

    Adoption: 1992-05-14 | BLR-1992-M-52509

    Establishes the population's living standard, and deals with matters relating to employment and development of the labour market, occupational safety, protection of the population's health (especially in relation to the Chernobyl catastrophe), development of education, culture and sport, and development of social partnership.

  27. Belarus - - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Agreement concluded on 8 May 1992 between the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, the employers' associations and the Council of the Federation of Trade Unions for 1992, approved by the Presidium of the Council of Ministers (Protocol No. 10 of 14 May 1992).

    Adoption: 1992-05-08 | Date of entry into force: 1992-05-08 | BLR-1992-M-34293

    Agreement concerning the improvement of living conditions, employment and the labour market, the protection of labour (occupational health and occupational safety) and the environment, health policy, the development of education, culture and sport, agricultural development, housing policy and tripartite consultations.

  28. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act No. 1629-XII of 24 April 1992 on general concepts of State youth policy. - Unofficial English translation (as amended up to 9 July 1997)

    Adoption: 1992-04-24 | BLR-1992-L-63625

    Establishes basic principles of the State youth policy, determines relations between the State and youth, and guarantees free development of young people's associations.

  29. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Law No. 1605-XII of 22 April 1992 on Trade Unions. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1992-04-22 | Date of entry into force: 1992-05-22 | BLR-1992-L-34074

    Lays down conditions for the creation of trade unions, their fundamental rights (the protection of workers' social rights), labour protection (safety and health), security of employment, environmental protection. Unofficial English translation available. Implementing text: Decree No. 1606-XII of 22 April 1992.

  30. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Pensions Act of 17 April 1992.

    Adoption: 1992-04-17 | BLR-1992-L-34077

    Lays down conditions for the granting of old age benefits, invalidity and survivors benefits and contains provisions concerning pensions granted to armed forces and to the victims of the catastrophe at Chernobyl.

  31. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Law No. 1596-XII of 17 April 1992 on Pension Provision, as amended to 29 December 2009. - Legislation from CIS Countries in Russian

    Adoption: 1992-04-17 | Date of entry into force: 1993-01-01 | BLR-2009-L-83435

    Establishes basic principles of pension provision, right to pension and conditions of its granting.
    Part I: General Provisions
    Part II: Old Age Pensions
    Part III: Disability Pensions
    Part IV: Pensions in Case of Loss of the Principle Earner
    Part V: Pensions for Length of Service
    Part VI: Calculation of Work Experience for the Granting of Occupational Pensions
    Part VII: Calculation of Pensions
    Part VIII: Social Pensions
    Part IX: Granting of Pensions
    Part X: Payment of Pensions

  32. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree No. 10/265 of 19 March 1992 on family benefits.

    Adoption: 1992-03-19 | BLR-1992-R-34073

    The benefits are paid by the social security bodies.

  33. Belarus - - International agreement

    Agreement on guarantees of rights of citizens of participant States of the Commonwealth of Independent States in the sphere of pension provisions concluded in Moscow on 13 March 1992.

    Adoption: 1992-03-13 | INT-1992-IA-35728

    Provides for the protection of pensions of citizens of participants States of the Commonwealth of Independent States and their families, including military servicemen of the armed forces. English translation available.

  34. Belarus - - International agreement

    Accord entre les Membres de la Communauté des Etats Indépendants sur les garanties sociales et juridiques des militaires, des personnes congédiées de l'armée et de leur famille.

    Adoption: 1992-02-14 | Date of entry into force: 1992-02-14 | INT-1992-IA-28151

    Etablit les dispositions d'ordre juridique et social destinées à venir en aide aux personnels de l'armée démis de leurs fonctions et qui sont installés dans les différents Etats Membres de la Communauté des Etats Indépendants. Texte disponible en anglais.

  35. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act No. 1224-XII of 11 November 1991 on social protection of the disabled.

    Adoption: 1991-11-11 | Date of entry into force: 1992-01-01 | Date of gradual entry into force: 2000-01-01 | Date of gradual entry into force: 1995-01-01 | Date of gradual entry into force: 1992-07-01 | Date of gradual entry into force: 1993-01-01 | BLR-1991-L-34075

    Contains principles of social protection and social integration of the disabled, including disabled children. Provides for medical, vocational and social rehabilitation of disabled persons, their development, education and vocational guidance and their cultural activities and integration into the workforce.

  36. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Supreme Soviet No. 1225-XII of 11 November 1991 on the entry into force of the Act No. 1224-XII of 11 November 1991 on social protection of the disabled.

    Adoption: 1991-11-11 | BLR-1991-R-34076

  37. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 18 October 1991 on citizenship.

    Adoption: 1991-10-18 | Date of entry into force: 1991-11-12 | BLR-1991-L-55588

  38. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Council of Ministers No. 326 of 26 August 1991 on the organization of remunerated public works.

    Adoption: 1991-08-26 | BLR-1991-R-34072

    Lays down the objectives of these works aimed at creating jobs and their financing.

  39. Belarus - - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Instruction of 1 August 1991 concerning the financial management of the State Fund for the promotion of employment.

    Adoption: 1991-08-01 | BLR-1991-M-34071

    Lays down the financial contribution of enterprises, establishments and organizations to the Fund.

  40. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Council of Ministers No. 253 of 28 June 1991 on the employment service

    Adoption: 1991-06-28 | BLR-1991-R-34069

    Sets up employment service organisation and defines its main tasks.

  41. Belarus - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decree of the Council of Ministers No. 254 of 28 June 1991 concerning the State Fund for the promotion of employment.

    Adoption: 1991-06-28 | BLR-1991-R-34070

    Refers to the organization of the Fund within the framework of the employment policy and its financing.

  42. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act No. 828-XII of 30 May 1991 on the employment of the population (Text No. 273).

    Adoption: 1991-05-30 | Date of entry into force: 1991-07-01 | BLR-1991-L-34068

    Provides for the legal, economic and organizational principles of employment in a market economy combining all forms of property. This Act, the Labour Code and all other legal provisions on employment apply to foreign citizens and stateless persons, unless otherwise prescribed. A foreign worker can be recruted only if he obtains a work permit issued by the State Committee for Labour and Social Protection. Put into effect by Decree of the Supreme Soviet dated June 5, 1991.

  43. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 14 December 1990 on enterprises.

    Adoption: 1990-12-14 | BLR-1990-L-41848

    Defines concepts (enterprise, its tasks and activities, types of enterprises). Makes provision for formation of an enterprise and the procedures for its registration, its property and its management (article 48: conclusion of labour contract), for its economic and social activities (chapter 17: labour income of a worker of an enterprise), relations with the State, liquidation and reorganization. Available in English.

  44. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 11 December 1990 on ownership.

    Adoption: 1990-12-11 | BLR-1990-L-41847

    Provides for the right of ownership, private and collective ownership, State ownership, property of other States, foreign physical and legal persons, international organizations, joint ventures, joint property, and guarantees for protection of the right of ownership. Available in English.

  45. Belarus - - Law, Act

    Act of 25 October 1990 on the principles governing foreign economic activities of the Republic of Belarus.

    Adoption: 1990-10-25 | Date of entry into force: 1991-01-01 | BLR-1990-L-41846

    Provides for principles regarding relations of Belarus with other States: in foreign economic activities, delimitation of responsibility, management and administration of these activities, representations and State monitoring. Available in English.

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