|Name:||Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act, 1995. (Act No. 1 of 1995).|
|Subject(s):||Environmental, Climate and Sustainable Development Laws|
|Type of legislation:||Law, Act|
|Entry into force:|
|Bibliography:||Legislation on-line FAOLEX (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations) PDF of Act as amended to 2002 (consulted on 2011-10-06)
|Abstract/Citation:||The Act includes the following:1. Short title and commencement 2. Definitions 2A. Overriding effect of the Act 3. Department of Environment 4. Power and functions of the Director General 4A. Assistance from law enforcing agencies and other authorities 5. Declaration of ecologically critical area 6. Restrictions regarding vehicles emitting smoke injurious to environment 6A. Restrictions on manufacture, sale etc. of articles injurious to environment 7. Remedial measures for injury to ecosystem 8. Information to the Director General regarding environmental degradation or pollution 9. Discharge of excessive environmental pollutant etc. 10. Power of entry etc. 11. Power to collect samples etc. 12. Environmental clearance 13. Formulation of environmental guidelines 14. Appeal 15. Penalties 15A. Confiscation of materials and equipments involved in offence 15A. Claim for compensation 16. Offences committed by companies 17. Cognizance of offence and claim for compensation 18. Action taken in good faith 19. Delegation of Power 20. Power to make rules 21. Repeal and saving
The Department of Environment is instituted as per section 3 of this Act and a Director General appointed to lead it. All the provisions are directed to protect the environment by any polluting , be it a solid, liquid, gaseous, or noise, heat and radiation. Rules are indicated in order to avoid any environmental damage when dealing with hazardous substances. By notification in the Official Gazette, an area could be declared ecologically critical area and restrictions applied to the discharge of pollutants in the air, water, land, sea and so on. Inspections on premises ,suspected of polluting the ecosystem, could be ordered and seizure of equipment, materials and samples of polluted resources seized upon. An Environmental Clearance Certificate from the Director General must be issued before initiating any commercial or industrial activity and environmental guidelines provided and largely distributed and enforced in order to prevent ecological disasters.