|Name:||Labour Code (Act No. 5 of 1995).|
|Subject(s):||Labour codes, general labour and employment acts|
|Type of legislation:||Law, Act|
|Entry into force:|
|Published on:||Unpublished source
Unofficial English translation, as amended through Law No. 25 of 1997, Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training: Deputy Minister's Office
|Abstract/Citation:||Chapter I sets forth general provisions. The Code shall apply to all workers except public servants, foreigners, casual workers, and domestic servants. Work is the natural right and duty of every citizen on the basis of equal conditions and opportunities without discrimination on the grounds of sex, age, race, colour, beliefs or language (Art. 5). Art. 11 establishes a Labour Council with the function of drafting labour law and policies and administering vocational training. Employers shall engage disabled persons up to a proportion of 5 per cent of their workforce (Art. 15). Non-Yemenis shall constitute no more than 10 per cent of any employer's workforce. Chapter II regulates contracts of employment, including collective agreements. Collective agreements which "damage the economic interests of the country" shall be invalid (Art. 32). Chapter IV covers employment of women and young persons. Women shall be equal with men in relation to conditions of employment and employment rights (Art. 42). Chapter V covers wages and allowances, including minimum wage and overtime; Chapter VI concerns hours of work. Chapter VII relates to work discipline and penalties; Chapter VIII to vocational training, including apprenticeships; Chapter IX to occupational safety and health; Chapter X to health insurance; and Chapter XI to labour inspection. Chapter XII covers labour disputes and strikes. Labour disputes which cannot be settled amicably must be submitted to an Arbitration Committee for resolution. Should arbitration fail, workers may proceed to a strike under specified conditions. Inter alia, individual workers must announce their intention to participate in a strike by wearing a red arm-band for three consecutive days before the commencement of the strike (Art. 146). Chapter XIII covers workers' and employers' organizations, and provides freedom of association.
Repeals Labour Law No. 14 of 1978.