Serbia resources

  1. The informal economy in selected European countries

    18 July 2020


  2. Overview of the informal economy in Serbia

    09 July 2020


  3. © AFP 2023

    ITUC Global Rights Index 2020 shows workers’ rights violations occur too often in Central and Eastern Europe

    24 June 2020

    The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) released its yearly Global Rights Index in June 2020. This year, the report affirms that the violations of workers’ rights is increasing globally, and is the highest in seven years. For Central and Eastern Europe the ratings indicate that the situation is more stable than globally, but many workers in the region still lack access to rights.

  4. A comparative overview of drivers and outcomes of labour law and industrial relations reforms in selected Central and Eastern European countries

    08 June 2020

    This report seeks to provide a comparative overview of the policy goals and rationale which led to the reform of labour law and industrial relations systems, and the outcomes of these changes in law and practice, in selected CEE countries.

  5. ILO Budapest Newsletter 2020 May

    28 May 2020

    This issue reports on ILO response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Central and Eastern European region with an updated service offer and selected resources. It introduces programme results and new projects, and features fresh publications and staff. In focus: Local Employment Partnerships in the Republic of Moldova.

  6. © AFP/Andrej Isakovic 2023

    ILO forecasts Western Balkan economies will lose 11.6 per cent hours worked in Q2 due to pandemic

    21 May 2020

    ILO global estimates show that the COVID-19 crisis is causing an unprecedented reduction in economic activity and working time. The ILO estimates for quarter 2 indicate that the Western Balkans will lose 11.6 per cent of hours worked due to the Covid-19 pandemic. This is equivalent to 810,000 employment losses in terms of full time posts (assuming 40 hours per week).

  7. © iStock 2023

    ILO and EBRD joining forces in face of coronavirus pandemic

    17 April 2020

    The ILO and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) are joining forces to respond to the coronavirus crisis in the Western Balkans by advising national policy action to support workers and enterprises.

  8. Introducing CEELex, the labour legislation database for Central and Eastern Europe

    07 April 2020

    The ILO recently launched CEELex which is the only searchable, English-language online database offering information on the national labour laws in Central and Eastern Europe. Established in 2015 to respond to an increasing demand of policy makers for technical advice on labour legislation, CEELex has recently gone public to reach a wider audience. The topics covered by the new online platform range from collective bargaining to working conditions (i.e. minimum wage, working hours), termination of employment contracts, labour dispute resolution, and non-standard forms of employment.

  9. ILO Budapest Newsletter 2020 February

    20 February 2020

    This issue reports on ILO programme results in the Central and Eastern European region, introduces new projects, features new publications and new staff. In focus: the new ILO report on the Ukrainian pension system, and youth employment trends in the Western Balkans with ILO policy guidance.

  10. COVID-19 and the world of work: What are the responses of the ILO Office for Central and Eastern Europe?

    14 February 2020

    Central and Eastern Europe managed the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic (spring 2020) relatively well, but the region was heavily hit by the second and third wave in the fall/winter of 2020/21. The lockdowns and the global economic recession led to a steep economic decline in 2020. ILO estimates show that the crisis caused a strong reduction in economic activity and working time. Eastern Europe lost on average 8 per cent of all hours worked. This is equivalent to 10 Mio full-time jobs. Two thirds of these jobs were preserved as firms resorted to reduced working hours while the remaining one third of jobs were lost. The ILO figures for Western Balkan economies look very similar and report a loss of 8 per cent of hours worked (equivalent to around 560,000 employment losses). Forecasts say that GDP will reach its pre pandemic level by the end of 2021 or in 2022. However, uncertainty is high as these predictions assume that the region achieves a high vaccination rate and will not face more waves of the pandemic. Experience from other economic crisis shows that the labour market will only react to the economic recovery with a time lag.