Estonia resources

  1. © iStock 2021

    New challenges for TVET and skills development - what do you want to learn today?

    30 April 2021

    The importance of learning new skills has never been as evident as in the last year. Almost overnight, all of the global workforce had to admit they faced challenges with their digital skills. We had to switch to new ways of managing work and doing business, of participating in learning and delivering education and training to young people and adults alike. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education and skills development systems has been profound. Teachers, coordinators and policy makers discovered the challenges, but also the opportunities of applying digital learning technologies.

  2. © iStock 2021

    Why Trade Unions should act on Skills Development – and how?

    19 February 2021

    To build a ‘better normal’ in the post-COVID-19 world of work, skills development and lifelong learning need to be part of economic transformation. This responsibility should not reside with governments and companies alone. Trade Unions have an important role to play in shaping the professional development of workers at any age. A new, easy-to-use ILO Resource Guide illustrates how Trade Unions can engage more effectively in skills development policies and practices.

  3. © AFP 2021

    ITUC Global Rights Index 2020 shows workers’ rights violations occur too often in Central and Eastern Europe

    24 June 2020

    The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) released its yearly Global Rights Index in June 2020. This year, the report affirms that the violations of workers’ rights is increasing globally, and is the highest in seven years. For Central and Eastern Europe the ratings indicate that the situation is more stable than globally, but many workers in the region still lack access to rights.

  4. COVID-19 and the world of work: What are the responses of the ILO Office for Central and Eastern Europe?

    14 February 2020

    Central and Eastern Europe managed the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic (spring 2020) relatively well, but the region was heavily hit by the second and third wave in the fall/winter of 2020/21. The lockdowns and the global economic recession led to a steep economic decline in 2020. ILO estimates show that the crisis caused a strong reduction in economic activity and working time. Eastern Europe lost on average 8 per cent of all hours worked. This is equivalent to 10 Mio full-time jobs. Two thirds of these jobs were preserved as firms resorted to reduced working hours while the remaining one third of jobs were lost. The ILO figures for Western Balkan economies look very similar and report a loss of 8 per cent of hours worked (equivalent to around 560,000 employment losses). Forecasts say that GDP will reach its pre pandemic level by the end of 2021 or in 2022. However, uncertainty is high as these predictions assume that the region achieves a high vaccination rate and will not face more waves of the pandemic. Experience from other economic crisis shows that the labour market will only react to the economic recovery with a time lag.

  5. What does the new WORLD EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL OUTLOOK: TRENDS 2020 report say about Central and Eastern Europe?

    14 February 2020

  6. Skills Development and TVET: a valuable training offer for the CEE region

    25 April 2019

    Are you passionate about TVET, Skills Development or Youth Employment and would like to increase your knowledge in this highly complex policy area? The offer of the International Training Centre of the ILO (ITC-ILO) may be the right learning experience for you.

  7. © AFP/Europress 2021

    Strengthening social protection for the future of work—extending the social security to workers in non-standard employment

    19 March 2019

    Europe has been experiencing a growing diversification in working arrangements, as exemplified through the decline of standard employment and the significant growth of non-standard forms of employment. These developments were discussed at a recent Conference "Automation, jobs and the future of work: understanding political and economic consequences" organized by the New Direction Foundation.

  8. © AFP/Europress 2021

    ILO advises Ukraine not to move forward with pension privatization

    16 January 2019

    ILO News talked to Fabio Duran-Valverde, Head of the Public Finance, Actuarial and Statistics Unit, Social Protection Department, ILO Geneva, and Kenichi Hirose, Senior Social Protection Specialist, ILO-Budapest, about the global and regional trends of pension reform and the current proposal to introduce a mandatory funded pension tier based on individual accounts in Ukraine.

  9. Second-pillar pension re-reforms in Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Macedonia, Romania, and Slovakia. Benefit payouts amidst continuing retrenchment

    30 October 2018

  10. New ILO report: Women and men in the informal economy: A statistical picture—What do data reveal about Central and Eastern Europe?

    08 May 2018