1. Reforming the Business Environment for Small Enterprises in Syria: Challenges and Recommendations

    13 August 2009

    Reforming the Business Environment for Small Enterprises in Syria:Challenges and Recommendations comes as a result of H.E Ms. Asma Al Assad’s national initiative in Syria for the creation of decent employment opportunities targeting young Syrian women and men, with a strong focus on private sector job creation, particularly self employment/entrepreneurship. The barriers to a healthy entrepreneurship culture in Syria prevail, among which are widespread attitudes/preferences for public sector employment among youth, and the unfavorable legal and regulatory framework.

  2. The impact of the financial and economic crisis on Arab states: considerations on employment and social protection policy responses

    01 April 2009

    This policy note is purely intended to provide an assessment of the employment and social protection impact, and to suggest appropriate policy responses.

  3. Gender, Employment, and the Informal Economy: Glossary of Terms

    01 February 2009

    The glossary was deemed necessary based on the feedback that the ILO/CAWTAR initiative received from regional constituents on the need to clarify concepts, help overcome terminological confusion related to ‘informality’, and move the discussion forward in Arab States.

  4. Promoting Equity: gender-neutral job evaluation for equal pay. A step-by-step guide

    10 January 2009

    This Guide, to be used when mplementing the principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value, free from discrimination based on sex, as enshrined in the ILO Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100), is in keeping with the Follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and, in particular, with the 2003 and 2007 Global Reports devoted to equality at work. It is meant as a tool to be used to promote this principle in many different workplace environments. To date, the ILO Convention No. 100, adopted in 1951, has been ratified by 167 countries. However, despite this broad consensus regarding the principle enshrined in it, the pay gap between women and men remains a persistent and universal fact of the labour market. Recent statistical surveys have revealed that this gap exists in countries with very diverse economic structures and that, although the gap is decreasing in most of these countries, this progress is being achieved very slowly. The gap persists despite the significant gains women have made in terms of education and work experience.


  1. Arab Forum on Development and Employment (Conference Papers)

    15 November 2008

    The ILO prepared five issue papers as a contribution towards the Arab Forum on Development and Employment.

  2. Independent Evaluation of the ILO's Country Programme for the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: 2002-2007

    21 October 2008

    This report presents analysis, findings and recommendations from the independent evaluation of the International Labour Office’s (ILO) country programme for the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 2002-2007. The review period covers the implementation of ten ILO projects and technical advisory services with a total value of US$8,800,129. Within the context of the Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP), the ILO developed another three pipeline projects, two of which began implementation in 2008.

  3. Training of Trainers' Workshop: Gender and Entrepreneurship Together in Northern Iraq, Lebanon and West Bank and Gaza Strip (Also available in Arabic)

    01 September 2008

  4. Forced labour and human trafficking: handbook for labour inspectors

    01 August 2008

    The handbook is a tool for training. It seeks both to inform labour inspectors of the facts and trends of modern forced labour and the challenges before them, and to promote discussion as to how labour inspectorates worldwide could be harnessed more effectively to global efforts against forced labour and trafficking.

  5. Conclusions on skills for improved productivity, employment growth and development

    13 June 2008

    International Labour Conference, 2008

  6. Iraq - Country baselines under the ILO Declaration Annual Review (2000-2008): Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining (FACB)

    15 February 2008