Publications

2010

  1. Area based development programme: Local economic development, reconstruction and employment creation (Final Joint Evaluation Summary)

    03 August 2010

    Project IRQ/07/02/UNQ - Evaluation consultants: Dean Pallen (Team Leader) and Dr Ali Al Ammar and Serkho Mustafah (National Evaluators)

  2. Skills development to support employment generation in Iraq (Mid Term Evaluation Summary)

    05 May 2010

    Project IRQ/07/01/UNQ - Evaluation consultants: Frederick Huxley (Team Leader and Akeel al-Khakani (National Evaluator)

  3. Impact of the economic and financial crisis on the skills and employability of young people in the Arab region

    29 January 2010

    While recognizing the variety of challenges facing individual countries, the common problem identified across the Arab region is that investments in education and training are not yet resulting in satisfactory levels of productive employment. Young people face uncertainty in moving from education into decent work. Enterprises often have trouble finding enough people with the skills they need to be able to expand their business or adopt new technologies. Also, the opportunities for employment growth due to industrial diversification and trade patterns may be jeopardized because skills development systems are not oriented towards preparing the workforce for the labour market of the future.

2009

  1. Arab Empoyment Forum (Thematic Papers)

    19 October 2009

    The Forum addresses the broad challenges and opportunities posed by the financial and economic crisis, providing a platform for senior policy-makers and high-level representatives of workers and employers from across the Arab region.

  2. Informal Employment in Arab States: A Gender Equality and Workers' Rights Perspective

    02 October 2009

    Report of the Regional Meeting of Experts, Carthage, 15-17 July 2008

  3. Reforming the Business Environment for Small Enterprises in Syria: Challenges and Recommendations

    13 August 2009

    Reforming the Business Environment for Small Enterprises in Syria:Challenges and Recommendations comes as a result of H.E Ms. Asma Al Assad’s national initiative in Syria for the creation of decent employment opportunities targeting young Syrian women and men, with a strong focus on private sector job creation, particularly self employment/entrepreneurship. The barriers to a healthy entrepreneurship culture in Syria prevail, among which are widespread attitudes/preferences for public sector employment among youth, and the unfavorable legal and regulatory framework.

  4. The impact of the financial and economic crisis on Arab states: considerations on employment and social protection policy responses

    01 April 2009

    This policy note is purely intended to provide an assessment of the employment and social protection impact, and to suggest appropriate policy responses.

  5. Gender, Employment, and the Informal Economy: Glossary of Terms

    01 February 2009

    The glossary was deemed necessary based on the feedback that the ILO/CAWTAR initiative received from regional constituents on the need to clarify concepts, help overcome terminological confusion related to ‘informality’, and move the discussion forward in Arab States.

  6. Promoting Equity: gender-neutral job evaluation for equal pay. A step-by-step guide

    10 January 2009

    This Guide, to be used when mplementing the principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value, free from discrimination based on sex, as enshrined in the ILO Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100), is in keeping with the Follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and, in particular, with the 2003 and 2007 Global Reports devoted to equality at work. It is meant as a tool to be used to promote this principle in many different workplace environments. To date, the ILO Convention No. 100, adopted in 1951, has been ratified by 167 countries. However, despite this broad consensus regarding the principle enshrined in it, the pay gap between women and men remains a persistent and universal fact of the labour market. Recent statistical surveys have revealed that this gap exists in countries with very diverse economic structures and that, although the gap is decreasing in most of these countries, this progress is being achieved very slowly. The gap persists despite the significant gains women have made in terms of education and work experience.

2008

  1. Arab Forum on Development and Employment (Conference Papers)

    15 November 2008

    The ILO prepared five issue papers as a contribution towards the Arab Forum on Development and Employment.