Factsheets and briefs


  1. Briefing note

    EIIP Approach, Experiences and Lessons Learned: Contributions to the Humanitarian, Development, and Peace Nexus (HDPN) in Iraq

    19 February 2023

  2. Briefing note

    ILO Response to the Earthquake in Syria: Embedding Decent Work Principles in Early Recovery Efforts

    15 February 2023

    The ILO is set to implement an emergency employment scheme to help restore the livelihoods of people in affected communities in Aleppo, parts of which were severely hit by the earthquake that struck Syria and Türkiye.


  1. Publication

    ILO PROSPECTS in Jordan - at a glance

    03 June 2022

    This country factsheet provides an overview of the key interventions and results of PROSPECT programme implementation in Jordan

  2. Publication

    Fact sheet: Main findings of the report “Productivity growth, diversification and structural change in the Arab States”

    28 March 2022


  1. Publication

    Infographic - “Assessing Informality and Vulnerability among Disadvantaged Groups in Lebanon: A Survey of Lebanese, and Syrian and Palestinian Refugees”

    13 August 2021

  2. Briefing note

    Protecting wages of migrant workers in the Arab States: Discussion Note for Policymakers

    15 June 2021

    Even prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, migrant workers faced critical wage-related issues globally, and especially in the Arab States, yet the scale of the problem has vastly increased as the pandemic led to job losses, salary reductions and unplanned repatriations.

  3. Abu Dhabi Dialogue

    Leveraging advanced technology to improve labour mobility governance

    25 May 2021

    This paper was prepared by Rebecca Napier-Moore and Anna Olsen and presented at session two of the Abu Dhabi Dialogue with the theme: Leveraging advanced technology to improve labour mobility governance on 25 May 2021.

  4. Publication

    Information Brief: Promoting balanced media reporting on migrant workers in the Arab States

    22 March 2021

    This information brief looks at how Arabic-language media in Jordan and Kuwait report on migrant workers, based on media monitoring research in 2019, and suggests recommendations to strengthen the inclusion of migrant workers in the media.

  5. Social Protection Spotlight COVID-19

    Towards solid social protection floors? The role of non-contributory provision during the COVID-19 crisis and beyond

    21 January 2021

    The COVID-19 crisis has emphasized the importance of guaranteeing access to at least essential health care and to basic income security for all over the life cycle, as stipulated in the Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202).


  1. Briefing note

    Impact of COVID-19 on Migrants and Refugees in the Arab Region - Policy Brief

    18 December 2020

    Migrants and refugees are among the social groups most impacted by the COVID-19 crisis, and are suffering disproportionately from its social and economic consequences.

  2. Briefing note

    Iraq Decent Work Country Programme Update

    09 November 2020

    Overview of ILO-Iraq progress towards Decent Work for all.

  3. Briefing note

    COVID-19 in Iraq: Private Sector Impacts

    09 November 2020

    This factsheet presents findings from two assessments on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on households and enterprises in Iraq carried out in June and July of 2020, one-a Panel Study of Small and Medium Enterprises- by IOM, FAO and ITC, and a second one- also a panel study on Small Scale Enterprises- by ILO, FAFO and the Cash Consortium for Iraq (CCI).

  4. Publication

    Improved business development services for MSMEs in Iraqi Kurdistan

    27 October 2020

    The project, implemented by the ILO and funded by the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) aims to promote decent work opportunities in micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.

  5. Social Protection Spotlight COVID-19

    Unemployment protection in the COVID-19 crisis. Country responses and policy considerations

    04 September 2020

    Income security is essential to mitigate the sudden and drastic impacts on employment of the lockdowns imposed to slow the COVID-19 pandemic.

  6. Briefing note

    Key Findings: Impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable populations and small-scale enterprises in Iraq

    16 July 2020

    Recognising the immediate challenges presented by the COVID-19 pandemic and its adverse impact on vulnerable individuals, households, and enterprises in Iraq, a rapid assessment on the impact of the COVID-19 was carried out in June 2020.

  7. COVID-19 and Workers'Organizations

    ILO Standards on Violence and Harassment: What role for workers'organizations?

    02 July 2020

    This Policy Brief is primarily directed to workers and their organizations. Its main purpose is to promote the understanding of the new International Labour Standards and to raise awareness on the importance of promoting the ratification of Convention No. 190 and the application of Recommendation 206.

  8. Brief

    Impact of COVID-19 on Syrian refugees and host communities in Jordan and Lebanon

    28 June 2020

    This brief provides evidence of the impact of the pandemic on Syrian refugees and host communities in Jordan and Lebanon, shedding light on some of the most pressing issues facing workers and enterprises.

  9. Briefing note

    ILO’s support to Syrian refugees and host communities: Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt

    26 June 2020

    Within the framework of the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP), the ILO is facilitating equal access to labour markets and promoting decent work for all – prerequisites for enhancing resilience and reducing aid dependency. Building on its universal mandate to promote employment, social dialogue, social protection and international labour standards, the ILO supports the transition to sustainable livelihoods for refugees and host communities alike, transforming displacement into an opportunity for development.

  10. Briefing note

    ILO Violence and Harassment Convention, 2019 (No. 190): 12 ways it can support the COVID-19 response and recovery

    19 June 2020

    This note highlights the relevance of the ILO Violence and Harassment Convention, 2019 (No. 190) to the current Covid-19 pandemic. It provides examples of work-related violence and harassment that have been reported across countries in the context of Covid-19 and mentions specific provisions of Convention No. 190 and its accompanying Recommendation No. 206 that can help prevent and address those situations.

  11. Briefing note

    Key Findings: Impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable workers and small-scale enterprises in Lebanon

    05 June 2020

    The assessment examines the employment status of individual workers before the COVID-19 outbreak, changes to their employment situation during the lockdown, implications on their livelihoods, as well as coping mechanisms adopted to deal with the crisis. It also examines the impact of the lockdown on male and female-led enterprises.