Working Paper

Generation 2050: Turning Iraq’s Demographic ‘Gift’ into an Economic Window of Opportunity

This paper was prepared for a presentation at a national symposium titled “Iraq 2050: Economically Productive and Socially Protected”, organized jointly by the Ministry of Planning, the ILO, ‘Al Malooma’ – Information Centre for Research and Development, and funded by the European Union, in Baghdad May 28, 2022.

Over the past few decades, Iraq has been enjoying a relatively favorable demographic environment characterized by a working age population growing at a higher rate than the overall population. However, Iraq has not been very successful in translating this demographic window of opportunity into a sustained economic growth path, poverty reduction, and achievement in non-income dimensions. Nevertheless, Iraq is still at an early stage of its demographic window of opportunity.

Moving forward, this paper presents areas that Iraq should focus on to unleash an economic growth path to achieve a vision of economically productive and socially inclusive nation by 2050.