Host communities in Jordan and Lebanon now face a myriad of socioeconomic pressures stemming from the refugee crisis, including:
- An increase in labour supply which results in increased employment competition as well as downward pressure on wages, particularly among low-income and low productivity jobs;
- a rise in market demand which exerts upward pressure on consumer goods;
- a decrease in access and quality of public services including utilities, infrastructure, healthcare and education.
- an increase in child labour among refugees and host community residents, including the worst forms of child labour; and
- rising social tensions and lower social cohesion among refugees and host community residents.
The ILO ResponseAs the Syrian refugee crisis continues, the evolving nature of the crisis necessitates a response that encompasses humanitarian and development interventions which provide access to livelihoods and decent employment. As part of the wider UN-response to the refugee crisis, the ILO Regional Office for the Arab States has adopted a cross-cutting development-focused strategy in Lebanon and Jordan which supports both refugees and host community residents in order to preserve social and economic stability as well as realise the rights of both to decent work and social justice.
As such, the ILO strategy builds on existing country programmes in both Lebanon and Jordan to implement country-specific interventions that focus on the following areas of response to:
- Build the resilience of host communities in order to facilitate access to employment and livelihood opportunities;
- strengthen institutional capacity and coordination mechanisms at local, regional and national levels to combat unacceptable forms of work with a focus on child labour; and
- support policy development to ensure an employment-rich national response, embedded in the principles of decent work.
13 July 2022
Morshed Ali, 24 arrived in Turkey seven years ago after fleeing the war in Syria. He had to learn a new language, new skills and adapt to life in a foreign country. Yet he overcame the odds and graduated as an architect four years later.
09 July 2021
Since 2018, the ILO has been working with national and international partners in Syria to reduce worst forms of child labour among vulnerable communities through the prevention, withdrawal, and rehabilitation of working children and children at risk of child labour. In this video, meet some of the children whose lives have improved as a result of the programme.
20 July 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on an already marginalized population in Nepal.