The Sectoral Activities Department is the ILO’s repository of knowledge on sector-specific labour and social issues. Research and studies conducted, in line with the ILO’s research policies, deal with emerging and priority issues of strong interest for ILO’s sectoral constituents.

Working Papers, vehicles for disseminating information on a range of topics related to the world of work and the evolution of social and labour policies and practices for a given sector, are regularly published and widely disseminated. Background reports and issues papers, which provide more in-depth analysis on specific issues, are also published for discussion at international tripartite meetings and global dialogue fora.


  1. Skills shortages and labour migration in the field of information and communication technology in India, Indonesia and Thailand

    11 June 2019

  2. The Social Construction of Migrant Care Work At the intersection of care, migration and gender

    04 March 2019

    This publication examines the implications of migration in the care economy and its effects on women’s economic empowerment and gender equality. It focuses on the working conditions of women and men migrants performing care work in destination countries; how migration in the care economy affects gender equality at work; and areas for policy action. The paper highlights the need for effective and coordinated policies to help improve the governance of labour migration for health-care workers, address decent work deficits of care workers for better recruitment and reten­tion and improve skills recognition and certification.

  3. Decent work in the management of electrical and electronic waste (e-waste)

    28 February 2019

    Issues paper for the Global Dialogue Forum on Decent Work in the Management of Electrical and Electronic Waste (E-waste) (Geneva, 9–11 April 2019)

  4. Occupational Safety and Health in the Construction Sector in Serbia

    13 February 2019

  5. Occupational safety and health in the mining industry in Ukraine

    12 February 2019

  6. The future of work in the health sector

    06 February 2019

    This paper explores how changing technology, demographics and other drivers will change work in the health care sector. Such changes will provide opportunities and pose challenges to governments, employers and workers in the field.

  7. The future of work in textiles, clothing, leather and footwear

    06 February 2019

    This working paper on the future of work in textiles, clothing, leather and footwear (TCLF) has been prepared for ILO constituents and other key actors in the TCLF industries to facilitate their discussions in the centennial year of the ILO and beyond.

  8. Safety and working conditions in small-scale mining: The case of selected small-scale metallic mines in the Philippines

    05 February 2019

    The study examines the existing policies and regulations that govern mine safety and the working conditions of those engaged in the small-scale mining. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that safety and health policies and programmes should be formulated in consideration with the context within which the small-scale miners are situated.

  9. A descriptive study on safety and working conditions in selected large-scale surface mines in the Philippines

    05 February 2019

    The study seeks to examine policies and regulations that govern mine safety and analyze the working conditions of those engaged in the industry. Using qualitative data, the research results underscore that both employers and workers have duties and responsibilities to undertake to ensure safe and healthy workplaces.

  10. Challenges and opportunities for decent work in the culture and media sectors

    14 January 2019

    The present study examines employment in culture and media in 16 countries, from four regions, and covering the very diverse world of the media and culture. This encompasses: musicians, actors, dancers, journalists, screenwriters, technicians and creators of audio-visual and live performances, and visual artists.