Such a framework for continuous improvement should comprise the following interdependent components.
- A national OSH policy, adopted by the government in consultation with the relevant organizations of workers and employers, which states the commitment to the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases; the main principles guiding national action on OSH; the spheres of action on OSH; and the functions and responsibilities of the main stakeholders.
- A national OSH system, which provides the infrastructure for implementing national policy and programmes on OSH including OSH laws and legislation and compliance mechanism; a national authority and a national tripartite advisory body on OSH; arrangements to promote, at the workplace level, cooperation between management, workers and their representatives; training, information and advisory services; occupational health services; research on OSH; collection and analysis of data on occupational injuries and diseases; collaboration with insurance or social security schemes covering occupational injuries and diseases; and support mechanisms for a progressive improvement of OSH conditions in MSMEs and in the informal economy.
- A strategic and time-bound national OSH programme, endorsed by the highest national authority and aimed at continuously improving OSH performance, which includes objectives, targets and indicators of progress and is formulated and reviewed on the basis of analysis of the national situation regarding OSH. To this end, countries are encouraged to prepare a national OSH profile, a diagnostic document, which summarizes the existing situation on OSH and the progress made towards achieving a safe and healthy working environment.
Publications and Tools
National OSH Framework
Social dialogue and participation in national OSH governance
Laws and regulations
Enforcement and compliance
Collection and analysis of data on occupational injuries and diseases
- Recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases
- Collection and use of OSH data: a set of fact sheets
- National system for recording and notification of occupational diseases: Practical guide
- Improvement of national reporting, data collection and analysis of occupational accidents and diseases
- Reporting, Recording, and Notification of Occupational Accidents and Diseases: A brief guide for Employers and Managers
- Reporting, Recording and Notification of Occupational Accidents and Diseases: A brief guide for workers
Collaboration with insurance or social security schemes covering occupational injuries and diseases
Support mechanisms for a progressive improvement of OSH conditions in MSMEs and in the informal economy
- Upholding sustainable delivery mechanisms to promote Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs)
- Improving Safety and Health in Micro-, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: An overview of initiatives and delivery mechanisms
- Safety and health in micro-, small and medium-sized enterprises: A collection of five case studies
- Designing a national strategy to improve safety and health in micro-, small and medium-sized enterprises A “how to” guide