The ILO Country Office for the Philippines (CO-Manila) publishes a wide range of books, reports, working papers, training manuals, CD-ROMs, videos and flash movies. Some of these can be downloaded directly. Others can be requested or purchased in hard copy from the ILO Knowledge Centre in Manila or by email.


  1. The child's inner and outer world: A study of the phenomenology of the child in prostitution

    30 April 1997

    The report s the review of literature drawn from various sources of information that tackles the experiences of children in prostitution and the current intervention strategies that address their situations.

  2. Work improvement in small enterprises for metal working: Action manual

    18 April 1997

    The manual aims to improve productivity through low-cost improvement in working conditions in small and medium-enterprises, and to build a capacity within government, employers and workers organizations to plan, organize, implement, follow up and evaluate programme to promote improvements in working conditions and productivity.

  3. ILO Convention No. 169: Brochure

    14 March 1997

    Through the ratification of the ILO Convention No. 169 which is the only instrument that will guarantee protection of the rights and respect for the integrity of indigenous peoples.

  4. To learn and to earn education and child labour in the Philippines: A country report

    14 February 1997

    The study was prepared to undertake a Philippine report on the basic education in the country and its links to the child labour problem, and to provide an analysis of selected projects that are considered innovative and successful in the prevention of child labour and addressing the needs of working children.


  1. The way we live: Indigenous practices of the Ifugaos, Atis and Badjao of the Philippines

    30 August 1996

    The INDISCO Programme supports and promotes the preservation of sustainable indigenous knowledge systems and practices particularly environment protection and natural resources management. The study documents the valuable traditional knowledge systems and practices of three indigenous communities in the Philippines: the Ifugaos; the Atis; and the Badjaos in order to ensure their preservation and promote environmentally sound and sustainable development.

  2. A better place to work: Safety, health and productivity

    26 July 1996

    The manual shows how workers can promote and take simple, effective, low-cost action to improve their working conditions and raise productivity. Workers will find practical and useful ideas on safe handling and storage of materials, and on how lightning, work stations, machines, welfare facilities and work organization can be improved.

  3. Practical actions for the social protection of homeworkers in the Philippines

    14 June 1996

    The campaign for social protection of homeworkers in the Philippines has had eight project years, from 18 June 1988 to 18 June 1996. The task has certainly been interesting, inspiring and instructive. Yet there is much to be attained, after all, social protection is a life-long need and concern.

  4. INDISCO guidelines for extension workers

    30 May 1996

    This handbook has been prepared for managers and extension officers to enable them to operate the Revolving Funds in the pilot project areas.

  5. Girls at work: Insights from the NSO survey of working children

    15 March 1996

    The survey data provides tremendous evidence about a number of things about work of men and women. The data dramatically shows that many of the issues and concerns of women in the workplace start at childhood when the girl child is introduced to the world of work.

  6. Child labour in Southeast Asian manufacturing industries focus on the garments industry in the Philippines: A country report

    15 March 1996

    The Philippine garments industry employs the most number of child workers, girls in particular. The study focuses on why enterprises hire them and why households allow children to work.

  7. Seminar toward the formulation of a framework for gender and sustainable development for women agricultural workers and indigenous women of Southern Mindanao: A report

    29 January 1996

    The seminar was designed to put substance to a drat network for gender and sustainable development using the perspectives of women agricultural workers and indigenous women of Southern Mindanao.

  8. A case study of young workers in the furniture industry of Cebu: A country report

    26 January 1996

    The study was done in three reconnaissance, actual field interviews and additional follow-up interviews with registered and non-registered subcontractors. The last phase included occular visits and unstructured interviews with homebased subcontractors.


  1. New challenges and opportunities for the informal sector: A seminar on the informal sector in Metro Manila

    15 December 1995

    The Interdepartmental Project on the Urban Informal Sector aims at contributing to efforts to progressively improve the quality of employment, particularly productivity, social protection and occupational safety and health.

  2. Practical ideas for owners and managers of small and medium-sized garments subcontractors: Action manual

    15 December 1995

    The book indicates some basic principles and gives many examples of improvements which have a direct impact both on production facilities and operations and on the motivation and efficiency of workers.

  3. "We evaluate...": INDISCO partner indigenous and tribal communities evaluate their own development projects in India and the Philippines

    12 December 1995

    We evaluate... is a collection of self-evaluation reports from INDISCO pilot projects in India and the Philippines. They reflect the feelings of indigenous and tribal groups, their aspirations and their voice in their own development.

  4. ASEAN: Human resources development and international competitiveness

    10 November 1995

    As international competitiveness is closely related to the quality of the human resources in the country, it is not surprising that all the ASEAN countries are giving the highest priority to their human resources development (education and training) programmes. In recent years either implemented comprehensive reforms in education and training system or are considering such reforms.

  5. Helping the hard ones: Child scavengers of the Philippines

    01 November 1995

    This case study describes an experimental programme with scavenger children at the huge garbage dump in Manila, Philippines known as Smokey Mountain. The study shows the model that was used, the process by which it was developed, and the insights gained about child scavenging and its physical and emotional effects. The intention is to give a practitioner's perspective on the difficulties and importance of child labour work.

  6. Credit unions as channels of micro-credit lines: The Philippine case

    20 October 1995

    The report presents the findings of a sample survey of 105 credit unions affiliated to two-nationwide federations. The survey focused on the effects of external funding on the growth of credit unions, their resource base and diversity especially savings mobilization from members, profitability and loan delinquency.

  7. Licking poverty with self-reliance: A story of the Batangan community in Balani Village, Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro

    10 October 1995

    In 1957, the ILO promulgated Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention No. 107, an accord which essentially seeks to integrate the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples into the mainstream of society.

  8. Processes of formalization and informalization: Selected cases

    25 September 1995

    The legal definition of informal sector enterprises focuses on the fact that they are not registered and do not, therefore, apply the various registrations which are normally adhered to by formal sector enterprises. It is important to identify the reasons or constraints which prevent such enterprises from registering with the local and/or national government agencies.