Rapid assessment

Super Typhoon Rai (Odette) and employment in the Philippines: A rapid impact assessment, 1st edition

The ILO conducted an initial rapid assessment on the impact of Super Typhoon Rai (Odette) that hit the Philippines in December 2021. The super typhoon devastated millions of lives and is weighing down the socio-economic recovery from the COVID-19 crisis.

ILO’s rapid assessment on the impact of Super Typhoon Rai (Odette) across ten regions in the Philippines aims to provide preliminary insights into its impact on workers and will supplement post-disaster, field-level assessments that will be conducted in the coming weeks.

As of 29 December 2021, almost 2.2 million workers are estimated to have been directly impacted by Super Typhoon Rai (Odette) across ten regions in the Philippines. Even before the disaster caused by Typhoon Odette, many of the affected workers were self-employed with limited income security and access to social protection, leaving them highly vulnerable in circumstances of a negative shock. The destruction of Typhoon Odette on jobs and livelihoods underscores this vulnerability.

By comparison, Super Typhoon Rai (Odette) has directly affected around one-fifth of all workers in each of the other three most impacted regions: Western Visayas (21 per cent), Eastern Visayas (19.3 per cent) and Central Visayas (18.8 per cent). The devastation risks exacerbating pre-existing labour market challenges for various vulnerable groups.

Although Typhoon Odette ravaged parts of ten different regions, the impact on employment has varied by economic sector, reflecting in part the unique structure of each regional economy.

The rapid assessment extends on established ILO methodologies used previously to support post-disaster recovery efforts, including the Super Typhoon Haiyan response in 2013. The assessment is based on information published daily by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) on families and persons affected by Typhoon Odette, baseline data from the Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA) 2020 Population Census and recent quarterly national labour force surveys.