Resources on health and safety hazards faced by children


  1. A health approach to child labour - A synthesis report of four country studies from the brick industry

    15 April 2015

    In presenting this synthesis report, A Health Approach to Child Labour: Example from the brick industry, and its accompanying four country studies, ILO hopes to stimulate further work on this important area and a further refinement of the research methods it incorporates.


  1. Looking for answers: Researching hazardous work of children

    27 November 2014

    This summary of our preliminary consultations on the topic of ‘health impacts of child labour’ aims to draw attention to the research gaps and to encourage those with interest and expertise in this area – both agencies and individuals - to join with us in addressing these gaps.

  2. Instrument for Psychosocial Assessment of Child Workers: Background & References

    01 October 2014

    Child workers’ psychological health still receives little attention from either researchers or practitioners compared to other aspects of child labour. In order to gain a fuller understanding of the implications that work has for a child’s psychological functioning and development, the ILO commissioned the development of an instrument that could be used to document the effects. The purpose of this paper is to present the research evidence on which each of the questions in this instrument is based and to show how the instrument incorporates, builds upon and expands on existing tools and concepts. It is also intended to serve as a reference that can facilitate further work on this subject or as a quick review of research and instruments in this field.

  3. Occupational health and safety assessment of child workers in the brick industry in Nepal

    01 September 2014

    This study assesses health impacts associated with the brick industry focusing on child workers. The study provides supportive evidence to inform policy and practical interventions that will a) protect the health, safety and well-being of youth of legal working age and b) enable the removal of children less than the legal working age (i.e. below 14) from exploitative work in the brick industry.

  4. Health hazards of child labour in brick kilns of Bangladesh

    01 September 2014

    In this research our main concern is to determine occupational health hazards and risks of those children who are involved in various types of work in the brick kilns of Bangladesh. This study assesses the health impacts associated with the work, and documents the physical and psychological conditions of the child labour in brick kiln. It is a cross sectional study which includes direct observation, face to face interviews and focus group discussion.


  1. Toiling in the soil: Impact of work at brick kilns on health of children and youth in Pakistan

    01 November 2013

    The study is an attempt to fill the knowledge gap which exists about the health and safety implications of work on children and youth engaged in clay brick manufacturing sector and in various processes of brick making. It provides valuable insight into the implications of work in clay brick making in the context of the most important ILO Conventions No. 138 on Minimum Age and Convention No. 182 on Worst Forms of Child Labour.

  2. The effect of work on children's health - Report of research on ten occupational sectors in Pakistan

    08 April 2013

    This report presents the results of research studies to assess health and safety hazards and risks faced by children in ten sectors of economy in two districts of Pakistan namely Sahiwal in Punjab and Sukkur in Sindh province.


  1. Study on health and safety of underage jockeys - Report

    01 May 2010

    The government and the human rights organizations are taking measures on protection of health, safety and rights of jockey children including improvement of legal regulation, identification and addressing of the priority issues faced by these children, cooperation with international and civil society organizations, bringing out the voices of racing couches and jockey children and organizing children¿s forum.


  1. Research findings on the working conditions and occupational health of children and adolescents engaged in work in carpentry, stone carving and traditional textile production

    01 December 2009

    Child labour is a major concern of international organizations and many countries around the world. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO)'s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, considerable differences exist between the many kinds of work children do. Some are difficult and demanding, while others are more hazardous and even morally reprehensible.


  1. Children at work: Health and safety risks (second edition)

    01 January 2002

    This publication provides information on hazardous occupations so that priorities can be set by the legislators, policy-makers and authorities at national, municipal and community levels, including traditional leaders. The main feature of this publication is to propose a strategy from a health perspective to address the problem of child labour. It identifies a possible model which may be of interest to a broad audience.