Publications on child labour


  1. Pre-situational analysis report on child labour and working conditions in artisanal small-scale mining communities in the Philippines

    30 January 2020

    The study revolved around three interrelated points, namely: (a) key points of analysis – general and area specific; (b) recommendations to address child labour issues and concerns; and (c) recommendations to improve working conditions in artisanal small-scale mining (ASGM) communities in the municipalities of Labo and Paracale, Camarines Norte and T’boli Municipality, South Cotabato.

  2. Artisanal and small-scale gold mining baseline report: Camarines Norte and South Cotabato

    20 January 2020

    The artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) baseline profile report aims to assess the current environmental, social and economic conditions in ASGM in the Philippines. The study covers three mining municipalities, including Labo and Paracale in Camarines Norte and T’boli in South Cotabato.

  3. Assessment of vulnerable youth economic integration opportunities in Myanmar

    16 January 2020

    This study was commissioned by the ILO’s MyPEC project in Myanmar to support the implementation of the National Action Plan on Child Labour (the NAP) in Myanmar. Economic empowerment of youth is a key strategy towards elimination of child labour in Myanmar. First of all, the prospects of entering decent employment or self-employment is a core motivational factor for children and families to pursue the long-term goal of education over the short-term goal of increased income through child labour, especially where resources are scarce and pursuing the long-term goal may mean immediate term sacrifices. If the prospects of economic empowerment/decent work at the end of one’s education are slim, children are more likely to drop out of school early and enter into child labour.


  1. Incorporating child labour, poor working conditions and other labour issues in artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) in local development programmes: A pilot study in Labo, Camarines Norte

    10 December 2019

    In the Philippines, the mining industry is generally divided into: (a) large-scale; and (b) small-scale mining (SSM). Large-scale mining (LSM) is industrially or skillfully run and mechanized while SSM relies solely on manual labour using simple methods and equipment.

  2. Measuring child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains: A global Input-Output approach

    12 November 2019

  3. Ending child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains [Executive Summary]

    12 November 2019

  4. Ending child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains

    12 November 2019

  5. Rapid Assessment on Child Domestic Work in Myanmar

    25 October 2019

    The Rapid Assessment on Child Domestic Work (CDW) has been conducted to capture the dynamics of CDW in selected areas of Myanmar. The knowledge generated in the context of this RA will be used to increase the level of awareness and advocacy with the aim of transforming potential social attitudes of acceptance of child labour in domestic work and the potential beliefs that these situations represent a protective environment for children – especially for girls. On the other hand, a key objective of the RA is to provide concrete elements to take policy action to end child labour and to protect young workers, of legal working age, in domestic work.

  6. Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action (CPMS)

    15 October 2019

    Since its initial release in 2012, the CPMS has provided guidance to all humanitarian actors and programmes seeking to protect and safeguard children. This 2019 revised edition advances those efforts and further supports the professionalisation of the child protection sector. ILO is part of the Working Group Member Agencies who helped develop this tool.

  7. Timor-Leste National Child Labour Survey 2016 - Executive Summary

    07 October 2019