Employment creation potential of the ethnic minority cooperatives in Viet Nam

This study reviews the social and economic position of indigenous and tribal people in Viet Nam with a view to identifying the actual and potential role of the cooperative movement in supporting employment and income generation among them and in helping to preserve and promote their traditional livelihoods.

The study also examines the legal and policy framework of Viet Nam as it relates to its ethnic minorities and details institutional structures and special programmes directed at ameliorating the sometimes disadvantaged position of minority groups and of supporting their inclusion in the mainstream economic and social development trajectory of the country. Case studies are used to examine the challenges faced by cooperatives among the ethnic minorities and their responses, as well as to make policy recommendations for the future.

Chapter 2 of the study gives a brief overview of the current situation of ethnic minorities of Viet Nam. Chapter 3 examines some of the probable causes of the relatively weak socioeconomic position of ethnic minority groups and Chapter 4 outlines the political and institutional structures and the socio economic programmes that have been put into place to support the greater integration of ethnic minorities in the country’s development. Chapter 5 reviews briefly the role that the cooperative movement has played in Viet Nam and calls attention to recent changes in structure and orientation and Chapter 6 examines the actual and potential role of cooperatives and self-help initiatives in fostering the development of ethnic minority communities. Findings of field studies undertaken in a number of provinces where ethnic minorities predominate are outlined in Chapter 7 and some lessons are drawn. Chapter 8 outlines some, more general, conclusions and makes recommendations for further action by the Government, the cooperatives themselves and by the international donor community.