Publications on tripartism and social dialogue

  1. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

    DRIVERS OF STRONG BUSINESS PERFORMANCE. An analysis of SMEs in selected emerging economies.

    01 December 2021

    This evidence based report identifies micro and macro factors for SME's sucess on eight emerging-market economies: Egypt, Vietnam, Turkey, Colombia, Indonesia, Tunisia, Belarus, and Peru.

  2. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

    INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL FACTORS FOR SME SUCCESS What EBMOs should know to promote more competitive enterprises.

    25 November 2021

    The Covid-19 crisis revealed that many SMEs were not prepared to deal with such a crisis. The key to resilience will be to understand the main internal characteristics of successful SMEs and also to look at the external success factors associated with the global business environment in order to design and implement public policy aimed at promoting the creation of business development services or public policies in favour of SME development. With this research, the ILO Bureau for Employers' Activities aims to contribute to this reflection.

  3. Report

    Covid-19, Collective Bargaining and Social Dialogue

    18 November 2021

    This report attempts to shed light on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the process and outcomes of collective bargaining in particular and social dialogue more generally. It is based upon the responses of more than 200 trade union officials to an online global survey carried out between March and May of 2021 and includes the insights of frontline union negotiators who were subjected to in-depth interviews by the authors.


    PRODUCTIVITY ENHANCEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE EMPLOYMENT IN MEXICO. Building forward better from the Pandemic and creating inclusive growth

    17 November 2021

    This evidence-based study seeks to identify key constraints to productivity growth, enterprise development, and sustainable employment hubs in an emerging-market economy, Mexico, stocked in a middle-income trap, facing regional and sectoral inequality, that has not yet managed to converge to high-income per capita levels despite a number of structural reforms over the last four decades.


    TRENDS IN PRODUCTIVITY AND STRUCTURAL CHANGES. A comparative analysis of four emerging-market economies.

    17 November 2021

    This study undertaken by the Bureau for Employers' Activities of the ILO (ACT/EMP) is part of a research project to analyse the barriers to productivity growth, diversification and structural change in four selected emerging market economies Vietnam, Colombia, Turkey, and South Africa. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the design of coherent and comprehensive strategies, with a human-centred approach, to foster productivity and structural change, will be of utmost importance to accelerate the economic and employment recovery in the post-pandemic environment to build forward better.

  6. Publication

    A self-assessment method for social dialogue institutions. SAM-SDI

    15 November 2021

    The self-assessment method for social dialogue institutions (SAM-SDI) has been developed by the International Labour Organization to help constituents analyse and strengthen the inclusiveness and effectiveness of their social dialogue institutions. The method is intended for social dialogue actors in all parts of the world and for institutions of various sizes, composition and mandate, and with different resource levels. It guides users through a series of steps, from taking the decision to undertake a self-assessment, through the process of assessing the inclusiveness and effectiveness of the institution to the development, implementation and monitoring of an action plan.

  7. Just Transition

    User’s manual to the ILO’s Guidelines for a just transition towards environmentally sustainable economies and societies for all

    01 November 2021

    Workers’ organizations are not passive bystanders, but agents of change able to develop new pathways to sustainability and to ensure that a transition not only delivers on climate policy objectives but incorporates the broader principles of sustainable development and decent work. This user’s manual was prepared with the objective of encouraging and assisting workers’ organizations to engage in policy discussions at all levels in shaping just transition, including in the implementation of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) of the Paris Agreement.

  8. Report

    Refugees and the Egyptian Labour Market: An analysis of the potential role of employers’ organizations

    25 October 2021

    This report aims to create the foundation for social dialogue, by better understanding the position of employers on the topic of refugees and their economic inclusion in Egypt.

  9. Publication

    Youth employment in times of COVID

    21 October 2021

    A global review of COVID-19 policy responses to tackle (un)employment and disadvantage among young people.

  10. Informal economy

    Angola: Study on the migration from the informal for formal economy

    20 October 2021

    This report produced by the Bureaux for Employers’ Activities (ACT/EMP) of the ILO with the Angolan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCIA) is seeking to contribute to design a strategy to enable the gradual transition from the informal to the formal economy in Angola