The rise in non-standard forms of employment is evident in many industrialized countries. In developing countries, non-standard workers have always constituted an important share of the labour force, as many of them are employed temporarily in casual work, but non-standard employment has also grown in segments of the labour market previously associated with standard jobs. The increase in non-standard forms in the past few decades has led to greater job insecurity and poses challenges for companies, as well as the overall performance of labour markets, economies and societies.
The report analyses the incidence and trends of NSFE globally and explores the reasons behind this phenomenon, including changes in the world of work brought about by globalization and social change, shifting organizational practices among companies, and changes and gaps in the regulation of work. It also includes a series of policy recommendations.
Around the world, companies are increasingly using temporary employment for permanent tasks. Many workers in "non-standard employment" earn less, have less social protection and often cycle between temporary employment and unemployment. But some companies are finding that giving workers security through permanent contracts can also deliver a strong competitive advantage.