Non-standard forms of employment

Non-standard employment is an umbrella name for different employment arrangements that deviate from standard employment. They include temporary employment; part-time work; temporary agency and other multiparty employment relationships; and disguised employment relationships and dependent self-employment.

The rise in non-standard forms of employment is evident in many industrialized countries. In developing countries, non-standard workers have always constituted an important share of the labour force, as many of them are employed temporarily in casual work, but non-standard employment has also grown in segments of the labour market previously associated with standard jobs. The increase in non-standard forms in the past few decades has led to greater job insecurity and poses challenges for companies, as well as the overall performance of labour markets, economies and societies.


  1. Report

    Non-standard employment around the world: Understanding challenges, shaping prospects

    The report analyses the incidence and trends of NSFE globally and explores the reasons behind this phenomenon, including changes in the world of work brought about by globalization and social change, shifting organizational practices among companies, and changes and gaps in the regulation of work. It also includes a series of policy recommendations.

  1. Video

    How permanent contracts can mean higher productivity

    Around the world, companies are increasingly using temporary employment for permanent tasks. Many workers in "non-standard employment" earn less, have less social protection and often cycle between temporary employment and unemployment. But some companies are finding that giving workers security through permanent contracts can also deliver a strong competitive advantage.