Preventing Forced Labour Exploitation and Promoting Good Labour Practices in the Russian Construction Industry
20 October 2009
Joint report: International Labour Organization and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The report should be seen as an initial attempt to analyse labour conditions in Russia’s construction sector and to discuss the feasibility of using the elements of corporate responsibility as tools to address some of the deficiencies, especially related to labour rights and the exploitation of migrant workers.
International Migration Papers No. 98
16 October 2009
This study represents the results of a process of primary data generation through field surveys of Afghan households, establishments employing Afghan workers and Afghan workers themselves, through a collaborative process among national and international experts. The findings indicate the marginal position of Afghan households and workers in the Iranian economy even after decades of stay. Furthermore, most Afghans have had little contact with Afghanistan. While the Iranian authorities maintain that all the remaining Afghans must return to Afghanistan, there are many economic and social impediments to the return of the remaining populations. Increasing restrictions and controls are likely to increase their marginalization without a perceptible impact on prospects for return. The study highlights that continuing international cooperation and bilateral dialogue are essential to sort out the complex economic, social and political issues. Meanwhile, it is necessary to support the improvement of the working conditions for Afghans in Iran, and in general to facilitate their integration.
International Migration Papers No. 96
08 October 2009
In Western Europe, as in many other parts of the world, domestic work has the charasteristic of attracting a large and increasing number of female migrants. In this report, Ms Maria Gallotti examines the current situation of domestic workers in Western Europe, focusing in particular on women migrant workers, and recognizing them as belonging to one of the largest female dominated occupations and one of the least protected groups of workers under international and national labour legislation. The report has the purpose of demystifying clichés and identifying existing regulations, rules and practices governing the subject in selected countries of the region as well as possible strategies various actors can adopt to facilitate their successful integration into European labour markets. The report states that their situation, as well as the legislation covering them is rapidly evolving to better respond to the existing increasing demand.
International Migration Papers No. 95
06 October 2009
The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of current policies and procedures governing employment and residence permits for migrant workers in major countries of destination around the world. The study is intended to inform national and regional reviews of policies on the admission of migrant workers. This study is structured around a series of key issues for policy-makers: determining policy goals and options; assessing labour market demand for foreign workers; devising mechanisms for regulating admission and selecting migrant workers; and defining the conditions attached to employment permits. For each decision the main alternatives used across the study countries are explained, the pros and cons presented, and concrete examples provided. The final section of the study specifies its implications for a review of national policies and procedures. Annex 1 provides brief overviews of current trends and policy development in labour migration in the countries surveyed for this study, and is followed by a compilation of key sources and references.
International Migration Papers No. 94
01 October 2009
Migrants' informal economic activities are closely linked with the phenomenon of irregular migration, as these activities are very often carried out by irregular migrants (very broadly and simply characterized - as those without necessary basic documents that woudl enable them to come/stay/work in a new destination country).
Prevention of HIV/AIDS in the World of Work: A Tripartite Response. A documentation of Good Practices.
01 September 2009
India’s National AIDS Control Programme aims to develop a multisectoral response to HIV/AIDS. Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in key ministries is seen as a key strategy. The Central Board for Workers Education (CBWE), an institution of the Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India, reaches out to 300,000 workers annually through its workers’ education programmes. CBWE, with support from the International Labour Organization (ILO), has mainstreamed HIV in its programmes that reach workers in the formal as well as informal economy in India. This case study provides insights into the process, experiences and lessons of the way CBWE has mainstreamed HIV/AIDS in its programmes.
13 August 2009
A report has been prepared by the International Migration Programme as a preliminary examination of the impact of the economic crisis on migrant workers. The Global Economic Crisis and Migrant: Impact and Response assesses the actual and potential impact of the crisis on women and men migrant workers and reviews policy responses. The report also suggests a number of policy measures to reinforce the protection of migrant workers, while preserving the interest of both destination and origin countries.
Recruitment of Pakistani Workers for Overseas Employment: Mechanisms, Exploitation and Vulnerabilities
01 July 2009
This study in Pakistan was commissioned against the backdrop of growing concern globally about the particular vulnerability of both regular and irregular migrant workers to exploitation, trafficking and forced labour. It was undertaken to inform dialogue between Asian sender and Middle Eastern destination countries, at a Gulf Forum on Temporary Contractual Labour held in Abu Dhabi in early 2008, along with a sister study addressing similar questions in Bangladesh.
29 May 2009
This study in Bangladesh was commissioned against the backdrop of growing concern globally about the particular vulnerability of both regular and irregular migrant workers to exploitation, trafficking and forced labour. It was undertaken to inform dialogue between Asian sender and Middle Eastern destination countries, at a Gulf Forum on Temporary Contractual Labour, held in Abu Dhabi in early 2008, along with a sister study addressing similar questions in Pakistan. While provisional findings were first presented at that time, we are now pleased to publish the full findings of the research, following the launch of the ILO’s third global report on forced labour, entitled “The cost of coercion” on 12 May 2009.
12 May 2009