1. Bonn Climate Change Conference

    First-Ever Training on How to Analyze Potential Economic Consequences of Emission Reductions

    In the framework of the Bonn Climate Change Conference organized by the UNFCCC, the ILO has supported the organization of the training in partnership with UN Climate Change Secretariat and UN Environment, which took place on 5 May 2018.

  2. © Photo by IISD/ENB | Herman Njoroge Chege

    IISD Reporting Service: See the reports on ILO side-events during the COP23

  3. Paris Agreement and green jobs

    ILO - UNFCCC side event: "Greening with Jobs: Decent Work and Just Transition in the Paris Agreement"

    On 10 May 2017, the ILO Green Jobs co-hosted a side event titled “Greening with Jobs: Decent Work and Just Transition in the Paris Agreement” during the Bonn Climate Change Conference.

Climate change and jobs

Why does climate change matter for employment ?

Climate change and environmental degradation pose significant challenges to economic growth and employment today, and risks will be greater in the medium-to long-term.

By contrast, if properly managed, climate change action can lead to more and better jobs. Both adaptation to climate change and measures to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions offer opportunities to create new jobs, while securing existing ones.

A transition to a low-carbon, greener economy will imply the creation of new jobs in environmentally friendly production processes and outputs, whereas other jobs will be at risk, in particular in those sectors with fewer options for a transition towards a more sustainable ways of production.

For more information, please see a FAQ on climate change and jobs.


  1. The ILO and the United Nations Climate Change Conference - COP25

    The twenty-fifth session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25) organized by Chile, will be held in Madrid on 2-13 December 2019. The ILO will bring to the table the importance of the social and political drivers for a successful and rapid transition into more respectful economies, and will also be presenting the 'Climate Action for Jobs Initiative' an action plan resulted from the Climate Action Summit 2019.

The ILO and UNFCCC process

  1. Katowize

    The ILO and the United Nations Climate Change Conference - COP24

    The twenty-four session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24) will be held in Katowice, Poland on 2-14 December 2018. As an observer organization, the ILO seeks to contribute to global negotiations and national actions against climate change, while promoting opportunities for decent work creation and ensuring a just transition for all.

  2. Marrakesh

    The ILO and the COP22

  3. Paris

    ILO welcomes new climate change agreement committing nations to a just transition and the creation of decent work

  4. Bonn

    Climate and jobs in focus as negotiators streamline the text for Paris


  5. Lima

    The ILO engages in climate change at Lima Conference and beyond


  6. Durban

    ILO calls for stronger coherence between labour and climate agendas


  7. Cancun

    Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


  8. Copenhagen

    The ILO in Copenhagen: Climate change @ work


Key resources

  1. Guidelines for a just transition towards environmentally sustainable economies and societies for all

    The Guidelines are both a policy framework and a practical tool to help countries at all levels of development manage the transition to low-carbon economies and can also help them achieve their INDCs and the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

  2. ILC 2013

    Report of the Committee on Sustainable Development, Decent Work and Green Jobs

    The report presents the outcomes of the ILC discussions on sustainable development, decent work and green jobs, held in June 2013 in Geneva. 

  3. Providing clean energy and energy access through cooperatives

    This publication is a collection of case studies on cooperatives in energy production, distribution and consumption as a contribution to the on-going search for ways in which the goal of sustainable Energy for All can be turned into a reality.

  4. Local Investments in Climate Change Adaptation: Green Jobs through Green Works

    A guide for identifying, designing and implementing interventions in support of climate change adaptation at the local level.

  5. Towards an ILO Approach to Climate Change Adaptation

    This working paper explores the implications of climate change, its impacts on the world of work and the need for the work of the International Labour Office to adapt to it. It takes stock of the on-going work and identifies the needs for further development.

  6. The Social Dimensions of Climate Change

    The paper addresses the social dimensions of climate change from a sustainable, equitable development perspective. It aims to broaden and deepen policy-makers’ understanding of the benefits of addressing and incorporating the social dimensions of climate change into climate policies. In doing so, the paper identifies a number of knowledge gaps within the social, human and natural sciences that need to be filled in order to further strengthen policy responses.

  7. Climate Change and Labour: The Need for a "Just Transition"

    Climate change is now widely acknowledged as one of the great – if not the greatest – challenges facing humanity in the coming decades. Through its impact on average temperature, precipitations and sea levels, it will endanger the livelihood of hundreds of millions and impose increasing costs on our societies if nothing is done.

  8. The social and Decent Work dimensions of a new Agreement on Climate Change - A technical brief

    The technical brief highlights the close inter-linkages between climate change and the world of work and discusses entry points for promoting policy coherence between climate and social and labour policies.

  9. The Employment Effects of Climate Change and Climate Change Responses: A Role for International Labour Standards?

    This paper describes how International Labour Standards could be made more relevant to climate change in terms of its impact on employment and the labour market.