Future of Work - Major trends

Migration is likely to intensify in the future as decent work deficits remain widespread

Facing the prospect of poor living standards, a large share of the world population tends to look abroad for better life opportunities. The share of the population willing to migrate permanently is highest in Africa and Latin America. In addition, the willingness to migrate is particularly acute among youth: on average youth are more willing to migrate permanently than adults by a magnitude of 10 percentage points. And while there are many factors that drive people’s willingness to migrate (e.g. humanitarian reasons, armed conflicts, natural disasters, etc.), labour markets and the search for decent work – central to one’s livelihood – clearly plays a central role.

Figure: Share of respondents who would move permanently to another country by age group, 2016 (percentages)

Note: Survey respondents were asked: “Ideally if you had the opportunity, would you like to move permanently to another country or would you prefer to continue living in this country?” The chart displays the percentage of respondents who said “Like to move to another country”.
Source: ILO calculations based on Gallup World Poll.