Publications on forced labour

January 2008

  1. ILO panel on “The Roles of Employers’ Organisations, Businesses and Trade Unions in Combating Trafficking for Labour Exploitation”

    28 January 2008


  2. ILO workshop on “Demand for Forced Labour and Sexual Exploitation – How and Why it Fuels Human Trafficking”

    28 January 2008


  3. Temporary Contract Labour in the Gulf States: Perspectives from two countries of origin

    24 January 2008

    A summary paper based on studies commissioned by the International Labour Office for the Gulf Forum on Temporary Contractual Labour

  4. Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia project flier

    23 January 2008

    Project flier for the project "Development of a comprehensive anti-trafficking response in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia" (2006 - 2008)

December 2007

  1. “I Forzati del Mare” (The Forced labourers of the sea), Valter Zanin (In Italian only)

    01 December 2007

    This book is about forced labour in maritime carg osector and about the difficulties to estimate the numbers of active seafarers within the complex patterns if multinational merchant crews in the XX and XXI centuries. The author tries to calculate the minimum estimate of seafarers compelled in various ways to work, according (and sometimes discussing) the ILO definition of forced labour. The blacklisting in the shipping sector is a form of forcing workers to accept degrading jobs and not only an attack to freedom of association. He explains that the problem of forced labour is not so easily related to the flagging out and the expansion of the flags of convenience.

November 2007

  1. “Trafficking in Human Beings”, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces

    01 November 2007

    This report brings answers to the following questions: What is and how to identify a trafficked person? How and why does trafficking occur? What are the links between trafficking and organised crime? What are the main challenges to address trafficking? What are the regional and international instruments?

  2. “COLLATERAL DAMAGE - The Impact of Anti-Trafficking Measures on Human Rights around the World”, Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women GAATW

    01 November 2007

    This anthology reviews the experience of eight countries (Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, India, Nigeria, Thailand, UK and USA) and attempts to assess what the impact of anti-trafficking measures have been, specifically on people’s human rights. Each chapter mentions numerous examples of laws or government policies which have negative consequences for some of the very people they are intended to benefit, focusing on the impact of three different types of measure: policies to assist and protect trafficked persons provided they cooperate with law enforcement officials; anti-trafficking measures affecting migrants and others; and thirdly, the misuse of the concept of ‘trafficking’ to further the political agendas of governments.

October 2007

  1. Poverty,Development and the Elimination of Slavery, Anti Slavery International

    01 October 2007

    This paper highlights the existing links between poverty, social exclusion and the different contemporary forms of slavery and the potential for development projects to reduce both slavery and poverty internationally. We argue that development assistance which is targeted at those in slavery or at risk of becoming slaves may be particularly effective in helping to achieve the millennium development goals as well contributing towards the reduction of slavery from the world.

June 2007

  1. “Ending Slavery", Kevin Bales

    01 June 2007

    The book stresses that slavery is not a matter of duration, as it is not necessarily a permanent condition. It’s characterized by the control of a person, through restriction of housing, food supply and movement and by the use or threat of violence. Slavery has grown because it means cheap labour, cheaper than former slaves, because the victims have no other survival options and because corruption allows it to take place. The author praises SAP-FL action against forced labour and researches which "helped to bring the subject to the notice of governements".

May 2007

  1. Guide to Private Employment Agencies: Regulation, Monitoring and Enforcement

    01 May 2007

    This Guide provides guidance to national legislators in drafting legal frameworks in line with ILO Convention No. 181 and Recommendation No. 188. It is rich in many examples of country legislation from both developed and developing countries.