Forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking

  • Landmark Forced Labour Protocol enters into force

    "Ratifying countries are now obliged to implement the treaty and report on measures taken." Committee on Forced Labour, ILC 2014.

  • Sign up to end modern slavery

    21 million people in forced labour. $150 billion in illegal profits. Support the international treaty to end modern slavery for good.

  • Lured by a job, trapped in forced labour

    In search of a job to support his family, a man accepts an offer from a recruiter and signs a contract for what looks like a good job with decent wages. Once at destination, the reality is very different.

  • Fair recruitment Initiative

    There are 232 million international migrants and 740 million internal migrants. Most are migrating in search of decent employment and a better livelihood.
    Migrant workers who borrow money from third parties face an increased risk of being in forced labour.

  • Alliance 8.7: For a world without forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour

    About 21 million people globally are victims of forced labour. Some 168 million children are in child labour, about half in its worst forms, primarily hazardous work. Alliance 8.7 is a coalition committed to accelerating and intensifying actions to tackle this problem and achieve Sustainable Development Goal Target 8.7.

Facts and figures

  • Almost 21 million people are victims of forced labour – 11.4 million women and girls and 9.5 million men and boys.
  • Almost 19 million victims are exploited by private individuals or enterprises and over 2 million by the state or rebel groups.
  • Of those exploited by individuals or enterprises, 4.5 million are victims of forced sexual exploitation.
  • Forced labour in the private economy generates US$ 150 billion in illegal profits per year.
  • Domestic work, agriculture, construction, manufacturing and entertainment are among the sectors most concerned.
  • Migrant workers and indigenous people are particularly vulnerable to forced labour.
Source ILO


  1. Video

    Advancing human rights at work - A look back at 2016

    22 December 2016

  2. International Day for the Abolition of Slavery

    Wagner Moura urges to join the global movement to help put an end to modern slavery

    02 December 2016

  3. International Day for the Abolition of Slavery

    Everyone needs to be aware of slavery and know how to fight it

    02 December 2016

  4. Forced labour

    Argentina joins the global movement against forced labour

    09 November 2016

It's time to ratify the ILO's Forced Labour Protocol

  1. The new legally-binding ILO Protocol on Forced Labour aims to strengthen global efforts towards combating forced labour, trafficking and slavery-like practices. Governments now have the opportunity to ratify the Protocol and integrate new measures at the national and regional levels to combat this crime.