Publications on Collective bargaining and labour relations


  1. Governance and Tripartism Department

    Report on the Rapid Assessment Survey: The Response of Labour Dispute Resolution Mechanisms to the COVID-19 Pandemic

    18 November 2021

    The ILO developed and conducted a Survey to assess how labour dispute resolution mechanisms have responded to the challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic. The Survey was answered online from June 2021 to August 2021 by 113 institutions from 84 countries, focusing on possible changes in the volume of labour disputes and different types of restrictions to their functioning by the pandemic.

  2. Report

    Covid-19, Collective Bargaining and Social Dialogue

    18 November 2021

    This report attempts to shed light on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the process and outcomes of collective bargaining in particular and social dialogue more generally. It is based upon the responses of more than 200 trade union officials to an online global survey carried out between March and May of 2021 and includes the insights of frontline union negotiators who were subjected to in-depth interviews by the authors.

  3. The Global Deal for Decent Work and Inclusive Growth - Thematic Brief

    The Contribution of Social Dialogue to Gender Equality

    20 January 2021


  1. ILO Working paper 15

    The Transformation of the Mexican Labour Regulation Model and its link to North American Economic Integration

    23 November 2020

    This paper examines the different phases and changes of the Mexican labour regulation model. It analyses the extent to which trade liberalization was pivotal in the recent labour regulation reforms – particularly in the area of freedom of association and collective bargaining –.

  2. Global Deal for Decent Work & Inclusive Growth - Thematic Brief

    Social Dialogue for the Transition from the Informal to the Formal Economy

    20 November 2020

    Social dialogue has a vital role to play in supporting the transition from the informal to the formal economy. Drawing on case studies from around the world, this Global Deal thematic brief illustrates how social dialogue, involving governments and representative employers’ and workers’ organizations has, in different ways and at different levels, contributed to the transition to formality and the reduction of decent work deficits in the informal economy. It aims to assist all concerned stakeholders to apply social dialogue for the design and implementation of effective formalization strategies, in the context of the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 and the relevant international labour standards.

  3. Publication

    Frequently asked questions - Issue paper on COVID-19 and fundamental principles and rights at work

    16 November 2020

  4. EU - ILO comparative review

    Facilities for trade union officials and members to exercise their rights – A comparative review

    13 November 2020

    The report seeks to highlight the common denominator of the two main issues which will be analysed: the right to organize, id est the right to form and join organizations of workers or employers, and the facilities granted to workers’ representatives. The former is of a more fundamental nature (freedom of assembly, non-discrimination and non-interference), whereas the latter (facilities) is more technical. The countries which will be examined are the following: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Sweden.

  5. EU - ILO comparative review

    Individual and collective dispute resolution systems - A comparative review

    13 November 2020

    The present report investigates specific individual and collective labour dispute resolution practices and institutions in a selected sample of countries: Australia, Belgium, France, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The countries were selected to reflect broadly different legal and industrial relations systems with diverse forms and traditions of dispute resolution.

  6. EU - ILO report

    Policy recommendations on individual and collective dispute resolution systems and facilities for trade union officials and members to exercise their rights

    13 November 2020

    These policy recommendations address some areas of possible changes in the Greek labour law framework that could modernise dispute settlement systems on the one hand, and facilities for trade union officials and members in Greece on the other. They are formulated in response to specific queries and comments received from the Greek government and the social partners.

  7. Fundamental principles and rights at work

    Issue paper on COVID-19 and fundamental principles and rights at work

    07 October 2020

    For the millions of workers already in vulnerable situations, the COVID-19 crisis can have devastating consequences: their fundamental rights at work are under threat, pushing them and their families towards greater insecurity. Safeguarding and extending fundamental principles and rights at work will therefore be critical to the success of both immediate and longer-term responses to the crisis in the world of work.