The paper was developed jointly by ILO FUNDAMENTALS and ILO GEDI with funding from United States Department of Labor.
Findings emerging from the research include the following:
- Indigenous children face a higher risk of child labour than other children, and often a dramatically higher risk. This situation appears to be common to indigenous children across regions, although the bulk of the representative data relates to the Latin America and Caribbean region.
- In many contexts, indigenous children are also significantly over-represented among the group of children in hazardous work and in worst forms of child labour other than hazardous.
- The majority of indigenous children engaged in child labour are found in agricultural work, but child labour among indigenous children also extends to work in construction, commerce, manufacturing, domestic work and other sectors.
- Indigenous children are also disadvantaged in terms of their access to education, contributing to their vulnerability to child labour and compromising their ability to acquire the skills and knowledge needed for work and life.
- In most countries where data is available, the school attendance of indigenous children in the age range of compulsory schooling is lower than for other children; the attendance gap is particularly pronounced for indigenous girls.
- Indigenous children face multiple educational barriers, including the non-recognition of indigenous knowledge and education systems, language barriers and the use of formal education as a means of assimilation that jeopardizes their cultural survival.
1 The ILO did not provide any technical assistance, and the research was carried out before the Russian Federation's aggression towards Ukraine.